Who are “good citizens” and how can we raise them? Exploring the perceptions of high school students and teachers in Turkey

Uygun, Erdem
The purposes of this study are (1) to study perceptions of teachers and students about knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that should be developed for cultivating “good citizens”, (2) to examine teachers' and students' perceptions on how policies of Ministry of National Education in Turkey (MoNE) for good citizenship can be improved, (3) to identify differences between teachers’ and students’ perceptions and formal citizenship education policies, and (4) to suggest school practices that reflect the characteristics of good citizenship that teachers and students agree on, address the challenges teachers and students face in implementing citizenship education in Turkey, and incorporate current scholarly and practical orientations in citizenship education. A mixed-methods research design was utilized, and data were collected through a scale, semi-structured interviews, and official documents from the MoNE. In 12 provinces across Turkey, 1174 teachers and 3061 students from Anatolian High Schools and Anatolian Imam Hatip High Schools completed an online scale, and 14 teachers and 28 students from four districts in Ankara participated in interviews. First, the results showed that good citizens are involved, conscious of their country's structure, open to the world if they have internalized national issues, and have a specific set of qualities, attitudes, and abilities. Second, the policy and curriculum materials contained characteristics of the good citizens that the participants had agreed upon. Finally, school practices were suggested that might promote active participation, stable school-family cooperation, pleasant teacher-student interactions, hands-on activities, field trips, and monitoring based on student abilities and interests.
Citation Formats
E. Uygun, “Who are “good citizens” and how can we raise them? Exploring the perceptions of high school students and teachers in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2023.