THE FORMATION OF STATISM AND SINGLE-PARTY RULE IN TURKEY IN THE EARLY 1930S

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2024-5-17
Erkurt, Beyhan
This dissertation has tried to analyze the processes of policy-making and state formation that led to the emergence of the statist single-party rule in an autonomous and neutral state form in the period following the Great Depression in Turkey. It has focused on the underlying social relations and social discontent that emerged as a response to the economic crisis, its suppression, and incorporation through those processes of policy-making. The study has argued that statism and authoritarian single-party rule in Turkey in the early 1930s were differentiated moments intertwined in the same process of the state‘s attempt to reorganize social relations for the reproduction of capital and the state, which was a form of those relations itself, in the face of the threat posed by the economic crisis and its repercussions, social discontent. In this process, the state attempted to suspend the barriers by attaining new tasks that materialized in the reorganization of the Republican People‘s Party (RPP) as a responsive single party and formally embracing statist economic development. The cultivators emerged as active agents since overcoming the social discontent and establishment of the regime necessitated incorporating cultivators‘ demands and complaints in the formulation of new policies for the reorganization of social relations and the RPP, through which single-party rule functioned. On the other hand, tracing the step-by-step formation of statism and single-party rule has revealed the intertwined and interconnected nature of those processes and the emergence of the state as a neutral and autonomous apparatus over society in and through those processes.
Citation Formats
B. Erkurt, “THE FORMATION OF STATISM AND SINGLE-PARTY RULE IN TURKEY IN THE EARLY 1930S,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2024.