Intellectuals of varied state traditions : the Ottoman Empire and the Volga-Ural region

Karahasanoğlu, Selim
I intend to analyze in the present study, the status of the intellectuals under varied state traditions. The Volga-Ural region was under the legacy of Chinggis Khan. In the thirteenth century with the invasion of Mongol-Tatar groups under the leadership of Chinggis Khan?s grandchild Batu Khan, the Volga-Bulghar state was removed and the Golden Horde was founded. By the collapse period of the Golden Horde at the end of the 14th century and at the beginning of the 15th century, the Khanates period began in the region: Kazan, Astrakhan and Kasim. The struggles among the khanates were used by Russia in her favor and these problems paved the way for inclusion of the region under Russian hegemony. Especially after the collapse of Kazan in 1552, a long period of Russianization and Christianization took place. In the Volga-Ural region, where there was no Islamic state, one observes a deep impact of Turco Mongol political culture, in which distributive economics based on power-sharing mechanisms prevailed, and a lively exchange of ideas among the intellectuals as well as conflicts and clashes became the norm. The Ottoman Empire, on the other hand, was formed with conquests and ideological aggregation, which led to a concentration of powr in the state. In such an environment, dynastic ideology determined the borders of intellectual life and the ways of expression of ideas. In the present study, my concern is on more on the interference of the state in the intellectual life.


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Citation Formats
S. Karahasanoğlu, “Intellectuals of varied state traditions : the Ottoman Empire and the Volga-Ural region,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.