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Use of preplaced aggregate concrete for mass concrete applications

Bayer, Raci İ
Heat of hydration is a source of problem in mass concrete since it causes the difference between the inner and the outer temperatures increase excessively, which leads thermal cracks. The first step in fighting against this problem is to keep the initial temperature of concrete as low as possible. From this point of view, Preplaced Aggregate Concrete (in short PAC) is quite advantageous, because the friction taking place among the coarse aggregates during the mixing operation causes the initial temperature of concrete increase. However, since coarse aggregates are not subjected to the mixing operation in PAC method, comparatively lower initial temperatures can be achieved. On the other hand, making PAC by the conventional injection method is quite troublesome, since it requires special equipment and experienced workmanship. Because of this, it would be very useful to investigate alternative methods for making PAC. In this research, a new method for making PAC has been investigated. The new method is briefly based on increasing the fluidity of the grout by new generation superplasticizers to such an extent that, it fills all the voids in the preplaced coarse aggregate mass when it is poured over, without requiring any injection. In the scope of the study, twelve concrete cube specimens, each with 1 m volume, have been prepared; one of which as conventional concrete, seven of which as PAC by injection method, and four of which as PAC by the new method mentioned above. In order to examine the specimens that have been prepared by three different methods from thermal properties point of view, the difference between the central and the surface temperatures of the specimens have been followed by the thermocouples located in the specimens during preparation. Also, in order to examine the mechanical properties of the specimens, three core specimens have been taken from each