Self-compacting concrete with high volumes of fly ash

Şahmaran, Mustafa
In this investigation, SCCs were prepared by keeping the total mass of cementitious materials (cement and fly ash) constant at 500 kg/m3, in which 30, 40, 50, 60, and 70% of cement, by weight, was replaced by the high-lime and low-lime fly ash. For comparison, a control SCC mixture without any fly ash was also produced. The fresh properties of the SCCs were observed through, slump flow time and diameter, V-funnel flow time, L-box height ratio, U-box height difference, segregation ratio and the rheological parameters (relative yield stress and relative plastic viscosity). Relations between workability and rheological parameters were sought. Setting times and temperature rise of the SCC were also determined. The hardened properties included the compressive strength, split tensile strength, drying shrinkage and permeation properties (absorption, sorptivity and rapid chloride permeability tests) up to 360 days. The results obtained indicated that it is possible to produce SCC with a 70% of cement replacement by both types of fly ash. The use of high volumes of fly ash in SCC not only improved the workability and permeability properties but also made it possible to produce concretes between 33-40 MPa compressive strength at 28 days.


Use of preplaced aggregate concrete for mass concrete applications
Bayer, Raci İ; Turanlı, Lutfullah; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
Heat of hydration is a source of problem in mass concrete since it causes the difference between the inner and the outer temperatures increase excessively, which leads thermal cracks. The first step in fighting against this problem is to keep the initial temperature of concrete as low as possible. From this point of view, Preplaced Aggregate Concrete (in short PAC) is quite advantageous, because the friction taking place among the coarse aggregates during the mixing operation causes the initial temperature ...
Hybrid fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete with a high-volume coarse fly ash
Sahmaran, Mustafa; Yaman, İsmail Özgür (Elsevier BV, 2007-01-01)
This paper presents a study on the fresh and mechanical properties of a fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete incorporating high-volume fly ash that does not meet the fineness requirements of ASTM C 618. A polycarboxylic-based superplasticizer was used in combination with a viscosity modifying admixture. In mixtures containing fly ash, 50% of cement by weight was replaced with fly ash. Two different types of steel fibers were used in combination, keeping the total fiber content constant at 60 kg/m(3). S...
Fatigue in jointless bridge H-piles under axial load and thermal movements
Karalar, Memduh; Dicleli, Murat (Elsevier BV, 2018-08-01)
The seasonal and short-term temperature variations produce cyclic horizontal displacements in the continuous superstructure of jointless bridges and hence in the abutment piles. Thorough study of the available field measurement data for jointless bridges showed that the thermal-induced cyclic flexural strains in steel H-piles (SHPs) at the abutments are composed of large, primary small and secondary small flexural strain cycles. While the SHPs at the abutments of jointless bridges laterally deform and exper...
Performance assessment of cement grout borehole plugs in basalt
Akgün, Haluk (Elsevier BV, 1994-01-01)
Flow tests have been conducted on expansive cement grout plugs with diameters of 160 mm and 200 mm, and length-to-diameter ratios of one, in boreholes in basalt blocks and in steel pipes. Two types of flow tests have been performed: pseudo-constant head tests and transient pulse tests. Hydration temperatures of cement grout plugs have been monitored in steel pipes with inside diameters ranging from 110 mm to 200 mm. During flow tests, basalt blocks have fractured, presumably due to water injection pressure,...
Dry grinding kinetics of binary mixtures of ceramic raw materials by Bond milling
Ipek, H; Ucbas, Y; Yekeler, M; Hoşten, Çetin (Elsevier BV, 2005-01-01)
The kinetics of batch dry grinding of binary mixtures of ceramic raw materials, namely quartz-kaolin, quartz-potassium feldspar and kaolin-potassium feldspar, from the feed sizes of -3.350 + 2.360, -2.000 + 1.400, -0.850 + 0.600, -0.500 + 0.355 and -0.300 + 0.212 mm have been determined using a Bond mill with a mixture of ball sizes of 38.10, 31.75, 25.40, 19.05 and 12.70 mm diameter and total mass of 22.648 kg. The Bond mill used was a size of 30.5 cm diameter, 30.5 cm length, with a total volume of 22,272...
Citation Formats
M. Şahmaran, “Self-compacting concrete with high volumes of fly ash,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.