A comparative study on chemical characterization of different ink ingredients used in ancient ornamented manuscripts

Mert, Esra
Manuscripts have an essential importance as being irreplaceable parts of our cultural heritage. It has long been known that these works have been suffered from serious damages due to the corrosive effects of the inks. In this study, the influence of inks prepared according to historical recipes on the degradation of model paper has been investigated. Totally, sixteen ink solutions were prepared and applied on Whatman No. 41 filter papers. The mostly examined ink is the iron-gall-ink which is known as very corrosive. Changing the ratios of the ingredients in the ink, it is aimed to understand the degradation mechanism of the cellulose caused by the iron-gall-ink. Influence of iron to gallic acid ratio, copper to iron ratio and the effect of saffron on ink corrosion were examined. Also the influence of colored inks (red and green); prepared according to the historical recipes on cellulose degradation was studied. In order to determine the changes in the cellulose in time, dry heat accelerated ageing was performed on the paper samples. UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR-ATR and Color spectrophotometry were used to investigate the changes in the chemical composition of the cellulose after accelerated ageing.


Provenance studies on limestone archaeological artifacts using trace element analysis
Muşkara, Üftade; Ataman, Osman Yavuz; Department of Archaeometry (2007)
Trace element composition of archaeological artifacts is commonly used for provenance studies. Limestone has generally studied by geologists and there are a few researches done by various archaeological sciences. Although it is a common material for buildings and sculpture it is been thought that limestone used had not imported like marbles. Limestone figurines from Datça/Emecik excavations are classified as Cypriote type, which was very popular through 6th century B.C. in the Mediterranean region. Since th...
An Inquiry into the accessibility of archaeological sites for people with physical disabilities /
Çetiner, Meltem; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Erkılıç, Mualla; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2018)
The conservation of cultural heritage is globally regarded as a necessity, and directly emphasized in the international and national documents in a lawful manner. However, the accessibility to heritage places for people with disabilities has become today's common problem which requires a sensitive approach to overcome by means of some design related standardizations and new technologies. According to statistical data, there are 8.5 million people with disabilities that is nearly 13 percent of Turkey’s popul...
A preliminary prioritization framework of seismic safety for historical structures in Türkiye
Temiz, Caner; Askan Gündoğan, Ayşegül; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2022-12-01)
Historical structures have great importance since they form the basis of cultural identity of countries. Among these structures, those located in seismically active regions have been exposed to many earthquakes since they were built. Due to these seismic effects, historical structures are under constant risk of severe damage and collapse. Historical structures are mainly constructed as masonry structures prior to the development of more advanced and scientific construction methods and seismic resistance p...
Anıtsal Yapıların Kullanım Sürecinde Değerlendirilmesine Yönelik Bir Model Önerisi
Yaldız, Esra ; Asatekin, N. Gül (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2016-12-19)
Geçmişten gelen kültürel değerleri yaşatmak ve gelecek kuşaklara aktarmak kaygısı ile sürdürülebilirliği sağlamak ve kültürel mirasın güvence altına alınması, koruma olgusu olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Koruma kapsamında ele alınan ve ortak yaşanmışlığın mekânsal izleri olarak tanımlanan anıtsal yapıların korunması ve değerlendirilmeleri için yeniden kullanımları önem taşımaktadır. Anıtsal yapıların yeniden kullanımı, sürdürülebilirlik anlayışının temelini oluşturmakta ve yeni işlev, yapının sürdürülebilirliğini...
An innovative methodology and structural analysis for relocation of historical masonry monuments : a case study in Hasankeyf
Şener, İpek Neşe; Ünay, Ali İhsan; Department of Architecture (2004)
Historical monuments are the most invaluable reflections of our architectural heritage and cultural identity, both of which have significant roles to create a strong link between the past and the present. They should be conserved in their own settings with their original characteristics or with as minimum changes as possible. However, natural or man-made hazards cause a serious risk for the survival of historical monuments. While some of them require to be strengthened only, some should be relocated to a ne...
Citation Formats
E. Mert, “A comparative study on chemical characterization of different ink ingredients used in ancient ornamented manuscripts,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.