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Post-soviet coloured revolutions : an analysis of Kyrgyzstan’s Tulip Revolution

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2008
Joldoshbek Ulu, Jyldyzbek
The study seeks to analyze the “Tulip Revolution”, its reasons and outcomes. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, newly independent Central Asian countries; Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan emerged in the world politics as independent sates. However, used to be parts of big complex system of former Soviet Union and being lack of government experience in politic and economic area made them to dependent on external actors. One of the main external actors has become United States with its promotion of democracy and liberalization, while the Russia was challenging not to lose its political and economical influence in these states. As a result of these external powers’ policy, within the time the leaders of these states found themselves in the complex choices, pro-Western or pro-Russian. Therefore political and economic developments of these states have become vulnerable. For these reasons the ‘coloured revolutions’ in post-Soviet states, which was the struggle between the pro-Western and pro-Russian elites, were not a coincidence. The study argues that although “Tulip Revolution” had similarities in its occurrence with previous ‘colourful revolutions’ the main reasons of the “Tulip Revolution” were the internal reasons, external reasons were only the accelerator factors. Analyzing of these reasons is the main goal of thesis.