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Cloning of wheat trehalose-6-phosphate synthase gene and microarray analysis of wheat gene expression profiles under abiotic stress conditions

Gençsoy Ünsal, Beray
The aim of this study was cloning of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Bayraktar) Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase gene and examining of gene expression pattern of wheat seedlings in response to salt and drought stress conditions using Wheat GeneChip (Affymetrix). In this study, 10-days old wheat seedlings were subjected to the salt (350 mM NaCl) and drought stress (20% PEG) for 24 hours, then root and leaf tissues were used for wheat TPS gene cloning and microarray studies. RACE (Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends) was used to determine cDNA sequence of wheat TPS gene, TaTPS. The ORF of TaTPS encodes a putative protein of 859 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight (MW) of 96.7 kDa and an isoelectric point (pI) of 5.97. Based on tblastx, TaTPS showed great similarity with other plants TPS genes. In root tissue, expression of TaTPS increased under drought stress while no change was observed under salt stress. In leaf tissue, both salt and drought treatments repressed the expression of TaTPS. Microarray study was used to monitor transcript abundance in salt and drought stressed wheat. Data analyses were determined by using GCOS 1.4 and GeneSpring GX10. The genes encoding ferritin, Lipid transfer protein, LEA/Dehydrin, early nodulin, cold regulated protein and germin like proteins were upregulated at least 10-fold under salt and drought stress conditions. In addition, salt and drought stresses induced the expression of genes identified as DREB, ERF, NAC, MYB, and HSF, suggesting existence of various transcriptional regulatory pathways under salt and drought stresses.