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Modelling damage for elastoplasticity

Soyarslan, Celal
A local isotropic damage coupled hyperelastic-plastic framework is formulated in principal axes where thermo-mechanical extensions are also addressed. It is shown that, in a functional setting, treatment of many damage growth models, including ones originated from phenomenological models (with formal thermodynamical derivations), micro-mechanical models or fracture criteria, proposed in the literature, is possible. Quasi-unilateral damage evolutionary forms are given with special emphasis on the feasibility of formulations in principal axes. Local integration procedures are summarized starting from a full set of seven equations which are simplified step by step initially to two and finally to one where different operator split methodologies such as elastic predictor-plastic/damage corrector (simultaneous plastic-damage solution scheme) and elastic predictor-plastic corrector-damage deteriorator (staggered plasticdamage solution scheme) are given. For regularization of the post peak response with softening due to damage and temperature, Perzyna type viscosity is devised. Analytical forms accompanied with algorithmic expressions including the consistent material tangents are derived and the models are implemented as UMAT and UMATHT subroutines for ABAQUS/Standard, VUMAT subroutines for ABAQUS/Explicit and UFINITE subroutines for MSC.Marc. The subroutines are used in certain application problems including numerical modeling of discrete internal cracks, namely chevron cracks, in direct forward extrusion process where comparison with the experimental facts show the predicting capability of the model, isoerror map production for accuracy assessment of the local integration methods, and development two novel necking triggering methods in the context of a damage coupled environment.