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Web gis based animal diseases surveillance system

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2009
Arıkan, Funda
Today, infectious animal diseases and the propagation speeds of these diseaseshave been threatening the human health. Threats from animal disease outbreakssuch as Avian Influenza have increased in both number and complexity. So, it is extremely important to determine the animal diseases at first appearances and totake precautions according to propagation speeds of the diseases. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) have become an important tool inveterinary epidemiology, surveillance and monitoring of animal diseases. Such approaches can be used for public health planning and predicting disease risks. This study aims to build a GIS web-based animal health surveillance system in Turkey in order to monitor and analyse disease outbreaks. Different sources of data; geographical data, animal holding locations, disease outbreak recordings, reporting information and special GIS functions have been incorporated in the application. It enables to determine the first, second and third degree risk zones of a disease, query the animals, holdings and disease events, create thematic maps and show the results of explored landscape features associated with Avian Influenza outbreak of 2006 and present graphically illustrated reports. This study will make the management of the disease outbreak situation easier, enhance the response mechanism of the decision makers, help to make better decisions, control the disease as quickly as possible, protect both the animals and humans against diseases, also provide a tool to evaluate different strategies to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. So, in an infectious disease case, emergency precautions can be taken and control strategies can be planned.