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Control of systems under the effect of friction

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2009
Baykara, Berkay
Precision control under the effect of friction requires an effective compensation of friction. Since friction has a complex and highly nonlinear behaviour, it is generally insufficient to represent the friction in a dynamic control system only with a linear viscous model, which is mostly valid in high-velocity motions. Especially when the control system moves near zero velocity regions or changes the direction of motion, an accurate modelling of friction including the lowvelocity dynamic behaviour is a prerequisite to obtain a more complete and realistic dynamic model of the system. Furthermore, the parameters of the friction model should be identified as accurate as possible in order to attain a satisfactory performance. Therefore, the parameters of the friction should be estimated regarding the working conditions. The estimated friction force can then be used to improve the controlled performance of the dynamic system under consideration. In this thesis, the modelling, identification and compensation of friction in a rotary mechanical system are studied. The effectiveness of the existing friction models in the literature are investigated; namely the classical Coulomb with viscous friction model, the Stribeck friction model, the LuGre friction model, and the Generalized Maxwell-Slip (GMS) friction model. All friction models are applied to the system together with the same linear, proportional with derivative (PD)-type and proportional with integral and derivative (PID)-type feedback control actions for the sake of being faithful in comparison. The accuracy of the friction compensation methods is examined separately for both the low-velocity and high-velocity motions of the system. The precision of friction estimation is also shown in the case of using both the desired velocity and measured velocity as an input to the friction models. These control studies are verified in simulation environment and the corresponding results are given. Furthermore, an experimental set-up is designed and manufactured as a case study. The parameters of the aforementioned friction models are identified and the control laws with different friction models are applied to the system in order to demonstrate the compensation capabilities of the models. The results of the experiments are evaluated by comparing them among each other and with the simulation results.