Synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanowires via electrochemical technique

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2009
Doğan, Bahadır
This thesis aims to investigate structural, optical and photoelectrochemical behavior of CdS nanowires and their heterojunctions with CdTe and polypyrrole nanowires. In the first part, CdS nanowires have been synthesized via electrochemical template-based route. It has been observed that synthesis conditions, such as bias voltage and deposition time, affect the morphology, optical and photoelectrochemical characteristics of CdS nanowires. Depending on the deposition time, length of the CdS nanowires changed from 100-200 nm to 3-4 m. Also the diameter of the nanowires increased with increasing the deposition time. Structure of the CdS nanowires has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction spectrometry and EDX analysis. Phototelectrochemical performances of the CdS nanowires have been changed dramatically with bias voltage and deposition time.In the second part of this thesis, CdTe nanostructures have been deposited on CdS nanowires. Change in optical and photoelectrochemical behavior of CdS nanowires after CdTe deposition has been investigated. Organic semiconductors and their composites with inorganic materials have been gaining attention due to tunable optical, electrical and magnetic properties. Also, ease of fabrication techniques, and therefore, low cost made these materials attractive for lots of applications including photovoltaic devices and flexible electronics. In the last part of this thesis, heterojunctions of CdS and Polypyrrole (Ppy) nanowires have been synthesized. Like CdS/CdTe heteronanostructures, first the CdS nanowires have been electrochemically deposited in anodized alumina template and then Ppy has been successfully deposited on CdS nanowires. In order to investigate the effects of polypyrrole synthesis conditions on CdS/Ppy heteronanostructures, CdS nanowire synthesis conditions have been kept constant. It has been observed that morphology and photoelectrochemical behavior of the Ppy nanowires has been affected from Ppy synthesis conditions. The photoelectrochemical performance changes of CdS/Ppy heteronanostructures have been also investigated in this part.

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Citation Formats
B. Doğan, “Synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanowires via electrochemical technique,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.