Production and characterization of nanofibers from polycaprolactam and ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride terpolymer mixture

Biber, Erkan
The impact strength of Nylon 6 was improved by adding Ethylene- n-Butyl acrylate- maleic anhydride (E-nBA-MAH) terpolymer with various concentrations from 0% (w/w) to 15% (w/w). The bare interaction energy between two polymers was investigated by using melting point depression approach utilizing both the Flory-Huggins (FH) theory and the Sanchez-Lacombe Equation of State (SL EOS). The solution of the mixture was electrospun, and the effects of process parameters on the expected radii of nanofibers were investigated. The effects of process parameters such as polymer concentration in solution, electrical field, diameter of syringe needle, feed rate, and collector geometry on nanofibers were studied. The statistical analysis to relate these parameters on the diameter of nanofibers was carried out by using Johnson SB distribution. The ratio of elastic modulus to viscosity coefficient of nanofibers was worked out by using AFM and combined viscoelastic models. The experiments were carried out on single fiber. The ratio came out to be a function of nanofiber diameter and terpolymer concentration. Isothermal crystallization kinetics and WAXS diffraction patterns of blends revealed and also SEM images supported that after 5% addition of elastomeric terpolymer, the interaction between the components of the blend gets weaker. The elastic modulus of the blend with 5% of terpoymer was greater than that of the neat Nylon 6, but the elastic modulus decreased for the blends containing more than 5% terpolymer.


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Citation Formats
E. Biber, “Production and characterization of nanofibers from polycaprolactam and ethylene-butyl acrylate-maleic anhydride terpolymer mixture,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2010.