Core-shell type nanocrystalline fto photoanodes for dye sensitized solar cells

İçli, Kerem Çağatay
Aim of this work is to construct dye sensitized solar cells employing core shell type nanocrystalline FTO/TiO2 photoanodes. Fluorine doped tin dioxide (FTO) nanoparticles were synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Homogeneously precipitated SnO2 nanoparticles were dispersed in aqueous solutions containing NH4F as fluorine source and heat treated at 180oC for 24 hours. X-Ray analysis revealed that particles show rutile type cassiterite structure. Particles had 50 m2/g specific surface area measured by BET. Particle size was around 15-20 nm verified by XRD, BET and SEM analysis. Electrical resistivity of the powders measured with four point probe technique was around 770 for an F/Sn atomic ratio of 5, which showed no further decrease upon increasing the fluorine content of solutions. Thick films were deposited by screen printing technique and SEM studies revealed that agglomeration was present in the films which decreased the visible light transmission measured by UV-Visible spectrophotometry. TiO2 shell coating was deposited by hydrolysis of ammonium hexafluorotitanate and TiCl4 aqueous solutions. Efficiency of FTO nanoparticles was enhanced upon surface treatment where best result was 4.61 % for cells treated with TiCl4. Obtained photocurrent of 22.8 mA/cm2 was considered to be very promising for the future work. Enhancement v in efficiency was mostly attributed to suppressed recombination of photoelectrons and it is concluded that improved efficiencies can be obtained after successful synthesis of FTO nanoparticles having lower resistivity values and deposition of homogeneous shell coatings.
Citation Formats
K. Ç. İçli, “Core-shell type nanocrystalline fto photoanodes for dye sensitized solar cells,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.