Compensatory nature of mixed stereotypes: an investigation of underlying mechanisms in the framework of stereotype content model

Aktan, Timuçin
The present dissertation aims to investigate cognitive and motivational underpinnings of stereotype contents in differing contexts. This dissertation consisted of two related sections. In the first section, comparison was suggested as the cognitive process underlying the implicit competence and warmth attributions toward businesswomen and homemakers. Four studies using Go/No Go Association Task were conducted to investigate the comparison process. Findings of the studies indicated that comparison has a significant impact on implicit mixed stereotypes. Implicit mixed stereotypes were not observed when target groups and attributes were presented in non-comparative context (Study 1). However, implicit stereotype contents were obvious in comparative context (Study 2). Finally, implicit stereotype contents of homemakers and businesswomen were shaped in accordance to the part of the context that was comparative (i.e. group comparison in Study 3 and attribute comparison in Study4). In the second section of the dissertation, comparison process was related to individuals’ compensation tendency. Two studies were conducted to examine the compensation tendency in the framework of System Justification Theory. In the first study (Study 5), presentation order of the target groups was manipulated. By this way, participants were not aware of the second group. Findings indicated that participants tended to compensate their first ratings toward homemakers and businesswomen. Furthermore, ambivalent sexism moderated the compensation tendency. In the second study (Study 6), both groups were presented together. Neither order of presentation nor its interactions were significant. Findings of the studies were discussed in the light of relevant literature.


Worldviews and ideological orientations: an integration of polarity theory, dual process model, and moral foundations theory
Sayılan, Gülden; Cingöz Ulu, Banu; Department of Psychology (2018)
Scholars in the field of political psychology examined the psychological factors that underlie political orientation and contributed greatly to our understanding of the concept. However, there is still more to learn on the processes by which these factors result in ideological orientations. Integration of worldviews in the study of ideology would be valuable since they have effects on a wide range of sociopolitical beliefs attitudes and they show the route from feelings and ideas about everything, to concre...
Reactions to performance feedback and source : the moderating effect of individualism/ collectivism and power distance
Solmazer, Gaye; Bilgiç, Reyhan; Toker, Yonca; Department of Psychology (2013)
The major aim of the current study was to examine the moderating effects of collectivism and power distance cultural orientations-assessed at the individual level- on the relationship between feedback source and reactions to performance feedback, operationalized as perceived accuracy, perceived usefulness, and affective reactions. In the present study, focal reactions were those which came from observers of a third party’s performance. Student participants took part in a 2 (feedback sign) X 3 (feedback sour...
The Relationships Between Motivations of Intergroup Differentiation as a Function of Different Dimensions of Social Identity
Tasdemir, Nagihan (SAGE Publications, 2011-06-01)
This article aims to classify social identity-based theories of intergroup differentiation in terms of different dimensions of social identity to understand further the motivational bases of intergroup differentiation. For this purpose, I attempt to incorporate three lines of research in social psychology: (a) theories examining intergroup differentiation as a function of social identity, namely social identity theory and SCT; (b) studies suggesting social identity as a multidimensional construct; and (c) m...
Visual perspective in causal attribution, empathy and attitude change
Onder, OM; Öner Özkan, Bengi (SAGE Publications, 2003-12-01)
The aim of the present study was to test the effect of visual perspective on the actor-observer bias. For this aim, we examined the effects of different visual perspectives on individuals' external and internal attributions. In addition to this, we examined the presence or absence of an attitude change toward the death penalty due to participants' visual perspective. One week before the experiment, we measured the participants' attitudes toward the death penalty. Then, during the experiment, films produced ...
Self-Handicapping Among University Students: The Role of Procrastination, Test Anxiety, Self-Esteem, and Self-Compassion
Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda (SAGE Publications, 2020-06-01)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictor role of procrastination, test anxiety, self-esteem, and self-compassion for the variation in university students' self-handicapping. The sample of the study consisted of 801 undergraduate students (404 females and 397 males). In order to collect data, Self-Handicapping Scale, Tuckman Procrastination Scale, Anxiety Subscale of Academic Emotions Questionnaire, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Self-Compassion Scale were used. Stepwise regression ana...
Citation Formats
T. Aktan, “Compensatory nature of mixed stereotypes: an investigation of underlying mechanisms in the framework of stereotype content model,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2012.