Dynamics and structures of alliances and conflicts: the case of gecekondu resistance in İstanbul Başibüyük (2009-2010)

Download
2015
Yalçınkaya Akdağ, Özlem Gonca
This thesis analyzes dynamics and structures of alliances and conflict between social actors in gecekondu resistance against urban transformation in Maltepe Başıbüyük between 2009 and 2010. It investigates how various social actors, who have been involved in this process and those who have been frequently referred to by the residents, approached to urban transformation as per their economic and immaterial interests and priorities, such as increasing their political power and being involved in conflict resolution process. According to research findings, the social actors needed to create coalition structures with some actors in order to benefit from their resources and power, to enhance their political and economic interests, and to demobilize their antagonists or they conflicted with others when their interests clashed with each other since authority and power were not equally distributed among the parties concerned. This study also sought to respond divergences in habitant’s ownership status, reliability and legitimacy of gecekondu resistance and politicized presence of TOKİ as a partner in urban transformation process. This study had been carried out in order to find out the ‘the ideal urban transformation project’ and ‘envisage of the future city’ of various social actors as per their economic other immaterial interests. It reveals that ideal urban transformation project and envisage of the future city can be evolved when all social actors are integrated into policymaking/ consensus building process and it is backed up with social policies that inhibit social exclusion and variable vulnerabilities and put all social actors in the same footing.