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A Critical assessment of Turkey’s migration regime: securitization versus human rights?

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2015
Aydınlı, Kübra
Given the fact that migration policy is shaped by security concerns and human rights, this thesis employs twin axes of securitization and human rights in order to shed light on to what extent both securitization and human rights dimensions have play out in the migration policy making and shape phases of change in the Turkish case. It is argued that since the proclamation of the Republic, migration policy has played a crucial role in the process of nation building and national identity creation and it has responded to the ideological and political preferences of the Turkish state throughout the Republic but has not given due account to the human rights dimension of the policy. However, thanks to the Law on Foreigners and International Protection, Turkey’s migration policy has changed profoundly with human rights guarantees for those who are in need of protection and assistance. As Turkey is situated at the external borders of the EU and is a candidate country under the obligation of assuming the acquis, Turkey-EU relations on migration policy is analyzed through a critical reading of Europeanization literature. The thesis argues that even though there are ground-breaking developments with regard to human rights, there is also an increased securitized approach to the migration management, in particular in the area of irregular migration. Finally, within the context of Turkey’s new legal migration environment, future course of Turkey’s Syrian refugee policy is discussed with reference to the securitization theory.