Trade relations of ancient Burgaz from archaic to mid of 4th centuries: the amphorae evidence within the domestic contexts

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2016
Sakarya, İlham
Transport amphorae are large sized vessels, used for carrying agricultural foodstuffs from one province to another. Therefore, transport amphorae are the most important evidence to interpret the ancient economy and trade. It is well known that the site of Knidos, in Datça Peninsula, had an important role in wine production and exportation since the 4th century B.C.; however, the ongoing excavations at Burgaz (7th through 4th century B.C.), near Knidos, yielded abundant evidence for the pre-Hellenistic types of Knidian amphorae as well as amphorae from other producer city-centers. The aim of this study is to investigate the trade relations of Burgaz with other trading centers as well as to understand the early development of local amphorae assemblages in the peninsula. To achieve this aim, the study provides a typological analysis and quantification of the local and foreign types of amphorae, recovered from the residential quarters of Burgaz, excavated between 1993 and 2009. According to the results, Korinth, Milet, Samos and Cyprus amphorae were imported since the 7th century. Chios and Thasos joined in this importation during the 6th century, while Kos and Rhodes during the 4th century. Burgaz was a center of import for various types of amphorae since the 7th century B.C; however, it did not have a significant role in exportation until the 4th century. The reason for the emergence of Knidos as an exporting site during the 4th century must be related to the relatively cheaper wine production, as was the case for Kos and Rhodes.
Citation Formats
İ. Sakarya, “Trade relations of ancient Burgaz from archaic to mid of 4th centuries: the amphorae evidence within the domestic contexts,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2016.