National and international cybersecurity strategies of the United States : a securitization attempt?

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2016
Küçükaydın, Duygu
This thesis aims to explore how cybersecurity has become a national security issue for the United States. It will analyze the issue by trying to answer the question of whether this process, which started with the Clinton Administration, is a successful ‘securitization.’ In this line, this thesis, firstly, tries to conceptua lize the cyberspace as a new domain for international politics through examining its rise in the information age. Then, it emphasizes the major debates between cyber-pessimists and cyber-skeptics concerning the effects of cyberspace on major security concepts such as warfare, power, attack, offense-defense balance and security dilemma. In the light of this conceptualization, the thesis will try to answer the research question through concentrating on both internal and international cybersecurity strategies of the last three presidents, namely of Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. At the domestic level, it analyzes securitization of the issue and the policymaking process which involves the main bureaucratic agencies of the US. At international level, it examines evolution of the bilateral and multilateral cybersecurity strategies.