Use of silane coupling agents to improve epoxy–rubber interface

Kaynak, Cevdet
Akovali, Guneri
Scrap car tyre particles can be used as filler or toughening agent in rigid epoxy matrices if the resultant interface is adequate. The objective of this work was to investigate the effects of use of different silane coupling agents (SCAs) to improve the interface between the epoxy resin and recycled rubber particles. For this purpose, seven different SCA were used to modify surfaces of the rubber particles. After the preparation of epoxy-rubber specimens, tensile Charpy impact and plane-strain fracture toughness tests were conducted. Mechanical tests and fractographic studies revealed that some of the SCA can improve of the interface between the epoxy matrix and the rubber particles leading to increases in strength while slight decreases in toughness of the samples.
European Polymer Journal


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This work covers studies on interfaces between epoxy and recycled rubber used as toughening phase in epoxy resins. Different surface modification techniques were used to improve the compatibility at the interface between the rubber particles and the epoxy matrix. Silane coupling agents, plasma surface modification and acrylic acid/benzoylperoxide were used to enhance the surface properties of rubber particles. Rubber parts of grinded scrap car tyres with a size range of 355-500 mum after surface treatment w...
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Citation Formats
C. Kaynak and G. Akovali, “Use of silane coupling agents to improve epoxy–rubber interface,” European Polymer Journal, pp. 1125–1132, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: