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Temperature Effects Explain Continental Scale Distribution of Cyanobacterial Toxins

2018-04-01
MANTZOUKİ, Evanthia
LURLİNG, Miquel
FASTNER, Jutta
DOMİS, Lisette de Senerpont
WİLK-WOZNİAK, Elzbieta
KOREİVİENE, Judita
SEELEN, Laura
TEURLİNCX, Sven
Verstijnen, Yvon
KRZTON, Wojciech
Walusiak, Edward
KAROSİENE, Jurate
Kasperoviciene, Jurate
SAVADOVA, Ksenija
VİTONYTE, Irma
CİLLERO-CASTRO, Carmen
BUDZYNSKA, Agnieszka
GOLDYN, Ryszard
KOZAK, Anna
ROSİNSKA, Joanna
SZELAG-WASİELEWSKA, Elzbieta
DOMEK, Piotr
JAKUBOWSKA-KREPSKA, Natalia
KWASİZUR, Kinga
MESSYASZ, Beata
PELECHATA, Aleksandra
PELECHATY, Mariusz
KOKOCİNSKİ, Mikolaj
GARCİA-MURCİA, Ana
REAL, Monserrat
ROMANS, Elvira
NOGUERO-RİBES, Jordi
PARRENO DUQUE, David
FERNANDEZ-MORAN, Elisabeth
Karakaya, Nusret
HAGGQVİST, Kerstin
Demir, Nilsun
Beklioğlu, Meryem
FİLİZ, Nur
LEVİ, Eti E.
Iskin, Ugur
BEZİRCİ, Gizem
TAVSANOGLU, Ulku Nihan
Özhan, Koray
Gkelis, Spyros
Panou, Manthos
Fakioglu, Ozden
AVAGİANOS, Christos
KALOUDİS, Triantafyllos
Celik, Kemal
Yilmaz, Mete
MARCE, Rafael
CATALAN, Nuria
Bravo, Andrea G.
Buck, Moritz
Colom-Montero, William
Mustonen, Kristiina
Pierson, Don
Yang, Yang
Raposeiro, Pedro M.
Goncalves, Vitor
ANTONİOU, Maria G.
TSİARTA, Nikoletta
MCCARTHY, Valerie
PERELLO, Victor C.
FELDMANN, Tonu
LAAS, Alo
PANKSEP, Kristel
TUVİKENE, Lea
GAGALA, Ilona
MANKİEWİCZ-BOCZEK, Joana
YAGCİ, Meral Apaydin
Cinar, Sakir
CAPKİN, Kadir
YAGCİ, Abdulkadir
CESUR, Mehmet
BİLGİN, Fuat
BULUT, Cafer
UYSAL, Rahmi
OBERTEGGER, Ulrike
BOSCAİNİ, Adriano
FLAİM, Giovanna
SALMASO, Nico
CERASİNO, Leonardo
Richardson, Jessica
VİSSER, Petra M.
VERSPAGEN, Jolanda M. H.
Karan, Tunay
Soylu, Elif Neyran
Maraslioglu, Faruk
NAPİORKOWSKA-KRZEBİETKE, Agnieszka
OCHOCKA, Agnieszka
PASZTALENİEC, Agnieszka
ANTAO-GERALDES, Ana M.
VASCONCELOS, Vitor
MORAİS, Joao
VALE, Micaela
Koker, Latife
Akcaalan, Reyhan
Albay, Meric
Maronic, Dubravka Spoljaric
Stevic, Filip
Pfeiffer, Tanja Zuna
Fonvielle, Jeremy
Straile, Dietmar
Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto
Hansson, Lars-Anders
Urrutia-Cordero, Pablo
Blaha, Ludek
Geris, Rodan
Frankova, Marketa
Kocer, Mehmet Ali Turan
Alp, Mehmet Tahir
Remec-Rekar, Spela
Elersek, Tina
Triantis, Theodoros
Zervou, Sevasti-Kiriaki
Hiskia, Anastasia
Haande, Sigrid
Skjelbred, Birger
Madrecka, Beata
Nemova, Hana
Drastichova, Iveta
Chomova, Lucia
Edwards, Christine
Sevindik, Tugba Ongun
Tunca, Hatice
OEnem, Burcin
Aleksovski, Boris
Krstic, Svetislav
Vucelic, Itana Bokan
Nawrocka, Lidia
Salmi, Pauliina
Machado-Vieira, Danielle
de Oliveira, Alinne Gurjao
Delgado-Martin, Jordi
Garcia, David
Cereijo, Jose Luis
Goma, Joan
Trapote, Mari Carmen
Vegas-Vilarrubia, Teresa
Obrador, Biel
Grabowska, Magdalena
Karpowicz, Maciej
Chmura, Damian
Ubeda, Barbara
Angel Galvez, Jose
Ozen, Arda
Christoffersen, Kirsten Seestern
Warming, Trine Perlt
Kobos, Justyna
Mazur-Marzec, Hanna
Perez-Martinez, Carmen
Ramos-Rodriguez, Eloisa
Arvola, Lauri
Alcaraz-Parraga, Pablo
Toporowska, Magdalena
Pawlik-Skowronska, Barbara
Niedzwiecki, Michal
Peczula, Wojciech
Leira, Manel
Hernandez, Armand
Moreno-Ostos, Enrique
Maria Blanco, Jose
Rodriguez, Valeriano
Juan Montes-Perez, Jorge
Palomino, Roberto L.
Rodriguez-Perez, Estela
Carballeira, Rafael
Camacho, Antonio
Picazo, Antonio
Rochera, Carlos
Santamans, Anna C.
Ferriol, Carmen
Romo, Susana
Miguel Soria, Juan
Dunalska, Julita
Sienska, Justyna
Szymanski, Daniel
Kruk, Marek
Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, Iwona
Jasser, Iwona
Zutinic, Petar
Udovic, Marija Gligora
Plenkovic-Moraj, Andelka
Frak, Magdalena
Bankowska-Sobczak, Agnieszka
Wasilewicz, Michal
Özkan, Korhan
Maliaka, Valentini
Kangro, Kersti
Grossart, Hans-Peter
Paerl, Hans W.
Carey, Cayelan C.
Ibelings, Bas W.
Insight into how environmental change determines the production and distribution of cyanobacterial toxins is necessary for risk assessment. Management guidelines currently focus on hepatotoxins (microcystins). Increasing attention is given to other classes, such as neurotoxins (e.g., anatoxin-a) and cytotoxins (e.g., cylindrospermopsin) due to their potency. Most studies examine the relationship between individual toxin variants and environmental factors, such as nutrients, temperature and light. In summer 2015, we collected samples across Europe to investigate the effect of nutrient and temperature gradients on the variability of toxin production at a continental scale. Direct and indirect effects of temperature were the main drivers of the spatial distribution in the toxins produced by the cyanobacterial community, the toxin concentrations and toxin quota. Generalized linear models showed that a Toxin Diversity Index (TDI) increased with latitude, while it decreased with water stability. Increases in TDI were explained through a significant increase in toxin variants such as MC-YR, anatoxin and cylindrospermopsin, accompanied by a decreasing presence of MC-LR. While global warming continues, the direct and indirect effects of increased lake temperatures will drive changes in the distribution of cyanobacterial toxins in Europe, potentially promoting selection of a few highly toxic species or strains.