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Human adipose derived stem cells are superior to human osteoblasts (HOB) in bone tissue engineering on a collagen-fibroin-ELR blend

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2017-06-01
Sayin, Esen
Rashid, Rosti Hama
Carlos Rodriguez-Cabello, Jose
Elsheikh, Ahmed
Baran, Erkan Turker
Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat
The ultrastructure of the bone provides a unique mechanical strength against compressive, torsional and tensional stresses. An elastin-like recombinamer (ELR) with a nucleation sequence for hydroxyapatite was incorporated into films prepared from a collagen - silk fibroin blend carrying microchannel patterns to stimulate anisotropic osteogenesis. SEM and fluorescence microscopy showed the alignment of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and the human osteoblasts (HOBS) on the ridges and in the grooves of microchannel patterned collagen-fibroin-ELR blend films. The Young's modulus and the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of untreated films were 0.58 +/- 0.13 MPa and 0.18 +/- 0.05 MPa, respectively. After 28 days of cell culture, ADSC seeded film had a Young's modulus of 1.21 +/- 0.42 MPa and UTS of 0.32 +/- 0.15 MPa which were about 3 fold higher than HOB seeded films. The difference in Young's modulus was statistically significant (p: 0.02). ADSCs attached, proliferated and mineralized better than the HOBS. In the light of these results, ADSCs served as a better cell source than HOBS for bone tissue engineering of collagen-fibroin-ELR based constructs used in this study. We have thus shown the enhancement in the tensile mechanical properties of the bone tissue engineered scaffolds by using ADSCs. (C) 2017 The Authors. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V.