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Hydroxyapatite reinforced poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) based degradable composite bone plate

2005-01-01
Coskun, S
Korkusuz, F
Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (P3HB), its co-polymers with 3-hydroxyvalerate (HV) (PHBV8 and PHBV22), and their hydroxyapatite (HAp) containing composites (5 and 15%, w/w) were prepared by injection molding. PHBV bone plates with low valerate contents and 15% (w/w) HAp appear to have better mechanical properties than the others. Flexural strengths of 15% (w/w) HAp-loaded P3HB, PHBV8 and PHBV22 were 78.28, 63.45 and 39.38 MPa, respectively. Tensile strengths of 15% (w/w) HAp-loaded P3HB, PHBV8 and PHBV22 were 18.99, 15.44 and 11.02 Wa, respectively. For the ageing test, bone plates were incubated in phosphate-buffered saline PBS (0.1 M, pH 7.4) at 37 degrees C and at pre-determined time points they were removed and subjected to a three-point bending test. Incubation in PBS caused a sharp decrease in the mechanical properties within the first 24 h, followed either by a gradual decrease or no change for a period of about 1 month. SEM results showed that there was no significant material erosion in the 4-week incubation period. P3HB loaded with 15% HAp appeared to yield the most suitable bone plate, insofar as mechanical properties are concerned with potential for further testing in vivo.