Technology, offshoring and the task content of occupations in the United Kingdom

2016-06-01
Akçomak, İbrahim Semih
Rojas-Romagosa, Hugo
The authors analyse change in employment levels and in the task content of occupations, both within occupations (i.e. at the intensive margin) and between occupations (i.e. at the extensive margin) in the United Kingdom over the period 1997-2006 using data from the national Skills Survey, which has comparable within-occupation task data for three waves: 1997, 2001 and 2006. They find that within-occupation task content changed significantly, and that the magnitude of change was similar to that found at the extensive margin. Their econometric results suggest that these intensive-margin shifts can be explained by technological improvements but not by offshoring.
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR REVIEW

Suggestions

Globalization, technological change and labor demand: a firm-level analysis for Turkey
MESCHİ, Elena; Taymaz, Erol; VİVARELLİ, Marco (2016-11-01)
This paper studies the interlinked relationship between globalization and technological upgrading in affecting employment and wages of skilled and unskilled workers in a middle income developing country. It exploits a unique longitudinal firm-level database that covers all manufacturing firms in Turkey over the 1992-2001 period. Turkey is taken as an example of a developing economy that, in that period, had been technologically advancing and becoming increasingly integrated with the world market. The empiri...
FLEXIBLE TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL-STRUCTURE IN THE UNITED-STATES
CARLSSON, B; Taymaz, Erol (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1994-06-01)
This paper analyzes the development over the postwar period of output, employment, and the number of plants in manufacturing in the United States. It is shown that the distribution of flexible technology in the form of machine tools (NCMTs) shifted markedly toward small plants during the 1980s. It is found that the probability of adoption and the penetration rate of NCMTs are higher in large than in small plants, even though the number of NCMTs per worker is much higher in small plants. This apparent parado...
Measuring the impact of trade flows on employment in the Turkish manufacturing industry
Erlat, Güzin (Informa UK Limited, 2000-07-15)
This paper investigates the impact of export and import flows on the change in manufacturing employment using an accounting-identity based approach which enables the change in employment to be decomposed into the contribution made not only by trade but also by domestic consumption and productivity change. The analysis is carried over (i) four subperiods, two belonging to the period before 1980 when Turkey switched from a regime of import-substitution based growth to one of export-orientation, and the other ...
Nonlinear models, composite longer leading indicator and forecasts for UK real GDP
Ocal, N (Informa UK Limited, 2006-05-20)
This paper examines the role of the Office for National Statistics Composite Longer Leading Indicator, in nonlinear business cycle models for growth rates of UK real gross domestic product (GDP). These models are of the smooth transition regression class, with the transition between "regimes'' expressed as functions of lagged changes in the leading indicator. In general, evidence is found of business cycle regime asymmetries, with increases and decreases in the leading indicator implying distinct responses ...
The importance of occupations in the Turkish labor market: job and wage polarization
Akçomak, İbrahim Semih (2013-12-01)
Recent literature has identified three trends in the labor markets of the industrialized countries: (i) employment share of services sector has increased, (ii) employment share in low and high skilled occupations has increased (job polarization), (iii) and similarly wages in the low and high skilled occupations have increased relative to middling jobs (wage polarization). In this paper, we investigate the existence of such findings in the Turkish labor market for the 2004-2010 period using Labor Force Surve...
Citation Formats
İ. S. Akçomak and H. Rojas-Romagosa, “Technology, offshoring and the task content of occupations in the United Kingdom,” INTERNATIONAL LABOUR REVIEW, pp. 201–230, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/32682.