The Second Ottoman Empire: Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World



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This thesis analyzes the period under the first reformist president, Mohammad Khatami, in the Islamic Republic of Iran between 1997-2005. In the last two years of his presidency, the reformist faction began to lose in the local, parliamentary and the presidential elections. This thesis aims at finding the reasons behind this electoral failure by looking at the domestic and international developments took place in that period. Besides, the thesis provides a political history of the post-revolutionary Iran wi...
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This thesis aims to analyze the possible impact of the 2008 Greek Debt Crisis on the Greek elites’ perception of belonging to the European identity. It will argue that the 2008 Debt Crisis has negatively affected the Greek elites’ perception of identity. It is assumed that this negative change has been reflected in their discourses throughout the crisis. Therefore, this thesis will try to demonstrate the change through discourse analysis of the political elites’ speeches from 2002 to 2015. In doing so, it w...
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Ottoman reformers' re-organization of the grain trade during the second half of the eighteenth century had two components—the creation of a centralized institution to supervise transactions and the replacement of the fixed price system with a more flexible one. These changes were not only a response to strains on the old system of provisioning, driven by new geopolitical conditions, but also a consequence of an increased willingness among the Ottoman elite to emulate the economic policies of successful riva...
Citation Formats
E. Boyar, “The Second Ottoman Empire: Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World,” JOURNAL OF ISLAMIC STUDIES, pp. 394–397, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: