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Differential roles of depressive and anxious symptoms and gender in defensiveness

Joiner, TE
Schmidt, NB
Lerew, DR
Cook, JH
Gençöz, Tülin
Gençöz, Faruk
Among a sample of Air Force cadets facing the prospect of basic training (N = 1,190; 1,005 men and 185 women), the influence of a defensive test-taking style on measures of depressive and anxious symptoms was examined. Participants completed the Beck Depression Inventory (Beck & Steer, 1987) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (Beck, Epstein, Brown, & Steer, 1988), as well as the MMPI (Hathaway & McKinley, 1943) L scale. Results supported hypotheses that defensiveness would affect a self-report measure of depression but not a self-report measure of anxiety and would do so more among men than women. Applied implications of the results are discussed.