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COMMODITIES DO NOT SHIELD FROM RISK IN FINANCIAL MARKETS, ANYMORE

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2017-05-22
ORDU, BEYZA MİNA
Soytaş, Uğur
Aflatoxins B-1 (AFB(1)) and B-2 (AFB(2)) and G(1) and G(2) remain the top mycotoxins routinely analyzed and monitored by Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) national laboratories primarily for food safety regulation in the major food commodities, nuts and spices. LC tandem fluorescence detection (LC fluorescence) represents a current mainstream analytical method, with a progressive migration to a primary method by LC tandem MS (MS/MS) for the next half decade. Annual proficiency testing (PT) is conducted by ASEAN Food Reference Laboratories (AFRLs) for mycotoxin testing as part of capability building in national laboratories, with the scope of PT materials spanning from naturally mycotoxin-contaminated spices and nuts in the early 2010s to the recent contamination of corn flour in 2017 for total aflatoxin assay development. The merits of the mainstream LC-fluorescence method are witnessed by a significant improvement (P < 0.05) in PT z-score passing rates (<= 2) from 11.8 to 79.2% for AFB(1), 23.5 to 83.3% for AFB(2), and 23.5 to 79.2% for total aflatoxins in the last 5 years. This paper discusses the journey of ASEAN national laboratories in analytical testing through AFRLs, and the progressive collective adoption of a multimycotoxin LC-MS/MS method aided by an isotopic dilution assay as a future primary method for safer food commodities.