Hide/Show Apps

Living as “North Caucasians” in Georgia: identity and integration in Georgia among the Ossetian and the Chechenkist communities

Wakizaka, Keisuke
This dissertation aims to contribute to Rogers Brubaker’s “diaspora-homeland-host state relations” theory by analyzing the cases in which diaspora’s homelands are de facto independent states and deal with the identity strategies of Ossetians and Chechen-Kists in Georgia. The fieldworks conducted in Georgia proved these facts: Georgia’s Ossetians are developing their identity in the framework of the Georgian state and do not act with South Ossetia on the topics of preserving boundaries with the Georgian society and their relations with North and South Ossetia. Thus, their identity is developing as a “cultural diaspora”, whose identity is mainly based on Ossetian language, culture, and tradition. On the other hand, the political issues such as anti-Russian attitude, the two Chechen Wars and the Chechen-Ingush Deportation/Genocide in 1944 as well as Chechen culture and traditions play an important role in Georgia’s Chechen-Kists’ identity. Besides, the fact that the Georgian state, Chechens in Chechnya and Georgia’s Chechen-Kists share anti- Russian attitude caused Georgia’s Chechen-Kists’ identity to develop as “cultural-political diaspora identity”.