Residents’ view of the opportunities and threats provided by military sites and the possible transformation of these areas: the case of Mamak (Ankara) military headquaters

Ural, Ece
The redevelopment of military sites increasingly becomes a popular planning problem in Turkey. Especially since the 2000s, attempts to transformation of military sites have been motivated largely by the authorities in Turkey because of a number of reasons, including security and political. The problem being addressed in this study is related to the complexity of defining the future use of military sites. In addition to political and economic factors, there are a variety of human factors that needs to be considered in the process of defining the future of these sites. As any decision regarding the closure and future use of these sites will eventually affect the communities that host military sites, it becomes necessary to understand communities’ needs, interests and their views in the redevelopment process. From this perspective, this thesis aims to propose a framework for understanding how to redevelop military sites and discuss how such areas can be transformed within the context of communities’ perspectives, public interest and individual characteristics of each site by focusing on Mamak 4th Corps Command military site which is situated on one of the main growth corridors of Ankara. Data is obtained through survey conducted in neighborhoods around the military site. Findings showed that the residents seem very cautious about the transformation of the chosen military site. If this area is to be transformed into different uses, the residents expect to see public open spaces such as green areas and sports and recreational facilities which they rarely encounter in their neighborhoods.