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The Mediating effect of justice perception on the relationship between revenge behavior and basic psychological need satisfaction

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2019
Şahin, Barış
The present two studies aim to understand the role of justice perception on the relationship between revenge and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Previous studies have shown that when people are treated unjustly, their basic psychological needs showed frustration. In the first study, this proposition is tested with people’s own experiences where they were victimized. Three hundred participants (195 females) completed the measurements of positive and negative affect, basic psychological needs satisfaction, vitality and satisfaction with life. The results were found lacking the desired differences for psychological needs satisfaction between injustice, negative affect and control groups. Further in the literature, it was mainly accepted that the acts of revenge proceed acts of injustice. The reason behind this pattern was explained as people’s desire to restore justice Proceeding in line with the previous findings that suggested justice increases needs satisfaction, the effect of revenge behavior on needs satisfaction through the increase in perceived justice was investigated in the second study. In an experimental design 47 participants (27 females) received negative feedback about their writing abilities, then were presented with the opportunity to take revenge. Procedural and distributive justice perceptions, positive and negative affect and basic needs satisfaction were assessed before and after the revenge manipulation. Participants reported higher satisfaction for their psychological needs, positive affect and perceptions of distributive justice, after the revenge opportunity. However, revenge behavior failed to predict any of the changes in the mentioned variables. Implications of the findings were discussed and several alterations for future research were proposed.