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Bunker-scape: defense architecture in Gallipoli peninsula

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2019
Arıkboğa, Caner
Bunkers have been fascinating for architects and theorists since their first construction in WWII. Considering their extensive deployment in various geographies, architecture of the bunkers marks a point in the history of military space. In the beginning of 21st century, there have been several constructions of walls around frontier geographies. In order to understand this recent activity, it is necessary to unfold the processes that actualizes the walls as the territorial control mechanism. The former theoretical studies about the bunkers are mainly consisted of analogies and descriptions. The aim of this study is to regenerate the relations between the past and the present techniques of defense architecture by taking the architecture of the bunkers at its focus, with a more contemporary approach. This study acknowledges the bunkers as an “image” of frontier architecture. The frame of this image stretches between the forces, movements and fluxes of its territory, and the modes of architectural productions that create them. Being a strategically important piece of land for ages, the Gallipoli peninsula provides a wide collection of defense architecture. Throughout the study, the image of the territory focuses on the isthmus of Bolayır where both historical recordings of the walls and the practice of bunker architecture are readily available. With the surveys and the documentations, architectural image of bunkers points out a perpetual change in functions and forms of the defense architecture.