Geometry, kinematics and activity of the fault zone among Ankara-Çankırı

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2019
Bayındır, Fatma Melis
Tectonic movements which took place in Late Cretaceous-Neogene time interval make the geology of Central Anatolia very complicated. This study has been carried out to reveal the structural elements and their relationships in this complex geology by taking the advantages of remote sensing in being economical, saving time, having a wide coverage area, detecting the features unseen by naked eye, and being able to observe the areas hard to be reached. Within the scope of the thesis, evaluation of aerial photos, contrast enhancement, principal component analysis, decorrelation stretching, and stereoscopic image analysis of Terra ASTER data were used as remote sensing methods. Besides, digital elevation modeling and map preparation were used as GIS techniques. In conclusion, lineament analysis, field verification, structural data collection, evaluation of the distinctive points, kinematic interpretation and drawing conclusions from them are the studies that were performed. The structural elements obtained in the laboratory were controlled in situ and collected slip data were analyzed to make a kinematic interpretation. According to this, it was concluded that the normal faulting overprints onto compressional structures -strike slip faults and thrusts- in Central Anatolia.