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The Analysis of Turkish public workfare programme as a social assistance tool from a comparative perspective

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2019
Dörtlemez, Yılma Halis
This thesis examines the design and implementation features of Public Work Programmes (PWP) that are used as tools to generate employment through labor-intensive projects and mitigate economic and social difficulties. Along the thesis two main objectives of PWP, namely, tackling structural unemployment and poverty alleviation, are particularly highlighted and discussed. Through the selected country examples (Argentina, India, South Korea and South Africa), from a comparative perspective, main features and objectives are examined. In accordance with the international country examples and the literature review possible issues and the measures to be taken for improving the effectiveness of PWP are discussed. In this thesis, Turkish Public Work Programme is examined in terms of its implementation and effectiveness. Through the administrative records and legislative framework, this study aims to reveal the main implementation process in Turkey. In addition to these, a field study has been conducted with the implementers from İŞKUR and PWP’S contractors with the aim to assess the Turkish Public Work Programme and to identify the main characteristics and challenges in the implementation process. Finally, recommendations have been proposed on the basis of the findings of the field study in order to increase the effectiveness of Turkish Public Work Programmes particularly in reaching out to the vulnerable groups.