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The dark triad and counterproductive work behaviors: organizational culture as a moderator

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2020
Gülerdi, Melis
Taking the frequency and cost of the counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) into account, it is crucial for recruiters and leaders in the workplace to understand the mechanisms and factors that facilitate the emergence of CWBs. In addition to the HEXACO model which represents positive personality traits, the Dark Triad (DT) (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, psychopathy) model has been an area of interest in searching for the antecedents of CWBs. In this study, the DT traits and organizational culture (OC) were included in the research to examine the predictors of perceived counterproductive work behaviors (PCWBs). There exists research examining the relationship between the DT and PCWBs. However, using Cameron and Quinn‟s (1999) Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) to examine of role of organizational culture (Market, Adhocracy, Hierarchy and Clan) in the DT-PCWBs relationship is relatively new. Hence, the purpose of this study is to investigate the DT-PCWB linkage and the moderating role of OC in this relationhip. Data were collected from white-collar employees (N = 308) from ten different sectors through an online survey. The results of regression analyses revealed that, among the DT traits, narcissism and psychopathy significantly positively predicted composite PCWBs. However, moderation analysis showed that, OC did not moderate any of the hypothesized relationships. The findings, along with the implications, limitations and suggestions for the future studies are discussed.