Understanding how kurdish women are transferring agricultural knowledge about local seeds to the next generations from ecofeminist perspective: a case study of doski cucumber

Güngör Tekbaş, Rubar
Rural women play an important role in preserving local seeds and transmitting them to the next generation. In order to understand how the seeds are transmitted by women, this thesis focuses on the seed of a cucumber, which is an endemic species and grows in the Doski region of Hakkâri's Yüksekova district, locally called 'Doski cucumber'. It is known that this seed has begun to disappear as the many of the local seeds in the world. In order to analyze the relationship between women and the seed, this thesis puts Ecofeminist theory at the center and asks the following questions; „Why women have main role of keeping it?‟, „How women are transmitting their knowledge on Doski Cucumber to next generation? and „Why the use of Doski cucumber seed has decreased?. This research was conducted by using semi-structured interview technique with women who living in Doski region in Yüksekova district of Hakkâri. The results of this research show us that, Doski women are protectors and transmitters of the seeds. However, the reason why women are assigned to these roles is patriarchal system that attributed to women to this role, which is seen as belonging to the private field. One of the biggest reasons that seeds began to disappear was the evacuation of the villages in Doski Valley, the main source of seeds, in the 1990s. Therefore, even though Doski women try to protect the Doski cucumber, the seeds of Doski cucumber started to disappear due to the political and social reasons.