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AN IMPORTANT MARITIME HERITAGE:LIGHTHOUSES ON THE AEGEAN COAST OF TURKEY

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2018-06-01
All around the world the coasts have always been home to mankind, creating a culture surpassing boundaries and producing maritime heritage. Being surrounded by seas on three sides, Turkey owns diversified maritime heritage belonging to different historical periods. Maritime heritage has tangible and intangible values. Yet the change of contexts is a threat to these values. Since 1920s legislation had been formed to conserve and manage maritime heritage. In Turkey decision, and planning legislation had not been integrated. Thus maritime heritage is excluded from planning, decision and management processes. There is no inventory to document the heritage or its damage. Conservation and management of maritime heritage is relatively new and still open to debate in Turkey. Due to its location on the Mediterranean Turkish coasts had boasted with lighthouses. Today there are 459 lighthouses in Turkey. 22 of them are registered and under protection. There is no assessment for the others. Yet since 2006 lighthouses are being rented and prone to serious interventions.