Does Longer Compulsory Education Equalize Schooling by Gender and Rural/Urban Residence?

Dayıoğlu Tayfur, Meltem
This study examines the effects of the extension of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years in Turkey in 1997-which involved substantial investment in school infrastructure-on schooling outcomes and, in particular, on the equality of these outcomes between men and women, and urban and rural residents using the Turkish Demographic and Health Surveys. This policy is peculiar because it also changes the sheepskin effects (signaling effects) of schooling, through its redefinition of the schooling tiers. The policy is also interesting due to its large spillover effects on post-compulsory schooling as well as its remarkable overall effect; for instance, we find that the completed years of schooling by age 17 increases by 1.5 years for rural women. The policy equalizes the educational attainment of urban and rural children substantially. The urban-rural gap in the completed years of schooling at age 17 falls by 0.5 years for men and by 0.7 to 0.8 years for women. However, there is no evidence of a narrowing gender gap with the policy. On the contrary, the gender gap in urban areas in post-compulsory schooling widens.


Factors affecting scientific literacy of students in Turkey in programme for international student assessment (Pisa)
Erbaş, Kadir Can; Berberoğlu, Halil Giray; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2005)
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that are related to scientific literacy of 15-year old students in Turkey in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) data. Two groups of variables were considered for the analyses. In the first group; number of books at home and attendance to preschool, attitudes towards school, student-teacher relation, feeling of loneliness, remedial study and homework and attending out-of-school courses were taken as variables that are related to scien...
The Effects of Compulsory-Schooling Laws on Teenage Marriage and Births in Turkey
KIRDAR, MURAT GÜRAY; Dayıoğlu Tayfur, Meltem; KOÇ, İSMET (2018-12-01)
We estimate the effects of the extension of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years in Turkey on marriage and birth outcomes of teenage girls, using a regression discontinuity design. This law increases girls' schooling by roughly 1 year on average, substantially reducing the probability of marriage by age 16 and first birth by age 17. These effects disappear after ages 17 for marriage and 18 for first birth. These results suggest that this law has strong compulsory-attendance effects during the newly mandat...
Exploring the factors contributing to empowerment of Turkish migrant women in the UK
ÇAKIR, SAKİNE GÜLFEM; Güneri, Oya (2011-01-01)
This study examined the role of demographic factors (length of stay, education and language level), perceived discrimination, social support, four acculturation attitudes, and psychological distress in predicting empowerment among Turkish migrant women in the UK. The study sample comprised 248 Turkish migrant women (mean age: 34.38; SD: 7.6) living in London. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess empowerment, social support, acculturation attitude and psychological distress. The study hypothesized ...
The parenting practice of single mothers in Turkey: Challenges and strategies
Kavas, Serap; Hoşgör, Hatice Ayşe (Elsevier BV, 2013-09-01)
Drawing on 24 interviews with single mothers in Turkey, this qualitative study examines various cultural and structural factors facing single mothers in a patriarchal society. It identifies strategies single mothers devise to handle the hardship of bringing up a child alone and stand up for themselves as single parents. Results demonstrate that single mothers in this study face numerous challenges, including the difficulty to maintain authority in their new family setting; the struggle to keep the sense of ...
Özakay, Özgün; Cingöz Ulu, Banu; Department of Psychology (2022-9-12)
The present study aimed to investigate whether the individuals changed their criteria of being Turkish and whether their prejudice was changed when they encountered immigrants from different backgrounds. Participants read two vignettes that were identical except for the immigrant's country of origin, which were Syria or Britain. They were randomly assigned to read one of two versions in the first session. A week later, they re-participated and read the other version, and then their attitudes toward these im...
Citation Formats
M. G. KIRDAR, M. Dayıoğlu Tayfur, and İ. KOÇ, “Does Longer Compulsory Education Equalize Schooling by Gender and Rural/Urban Residence?,” WORLD BANK ECONOMIC REVIEW, pp. 549–579, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: