Structural and Chemical Characterization of Hardwood from Tree Species with Applications as Bioenergy Feedstocks

Persil Çetinkol, Özgül
Eucalypt species are a group of flowering trees widely used in pulp production for paper manufacture. For several decades, the wood pulp industry has focused research and development efforts on improving yields, growth rates and pulp quality through breeding and the genetic improvement of key tree species. Recently, this focus has shifted from the production of high quality pulps to the investigation of the use of eucalypts as feedstocks for biofuel production. Here the structure and chemical composition of the heartwood and sapwood of Eucalyptus dunnii, E. globulus, E. pillularis, E. urophylla, an E. urophylla-E. grandis cross, Corymbia citriodora ssp. variegata, and Acacia mangium were compared using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and biochemical composition analysis. Some trends relating to these compositions were also identified by Fourier transform near infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy. These results will serve as a foundation for a more comprehensive database of wood properties that will help develop criteria for the selection of tree species for use as biorefinery feedstocks.


ABDULLAH, MI; YOUNG, JC; GAMES, DE (American Chemical Society (ACS), 1994-03-01)
Material obtained by the CO2 supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of the wild and cultivated mushrooms Agaricus silvicola and Agaricus bisporus, respectively, was analyzed by g chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry and GC-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. SFE gave results comparable with classical extraction techniques for free fatty acids and esters but with fewer manipulative steps and also resulted in the characterization of acids not previously reported from these sources. The organic acids ident...
Analysis of cellulase and polyphenol oxidase production by southern pine beetle associated fungi
Valiev, Abduvali; Ögel, Zümrüt Begüm; Klepzig, Kier D. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2009-09-01)
In this study, the production of extracellular enzymes by fungi associated with southern pine beetle was investigated for the first time. Cellulase and polyphenol oxidase production were analyzed for three beetle associated fungi. Only the mutualistic symbiont Entomocorticium sp. A was found to produce cellulases and polyphenol oxidase. In time course analyses of cellulase production in batch cultures, Entomocorticium sp. A showed maximum activity of 0.109 U/ml and 0.141 U/ml for total cellulase and endoglu...
Characterization of curcumin incorporated guar gum/orange oil antimicrobial emulsion films
Aydogdu, Ayca; Radke, Clayton J.; Bezci, Semih; Kırtıl, Emrah (Elsevier BV, 2020-04-01)
Edible films are manufactured from natural, renewable, nontoxic, and biodegradable polymers and are safe alternatives to plastic food packaging. Despite ongoing research, biopolymer-based edible films still are not at a quality to ensure total commercial replacement of synthetic packaging materials. The study aims to compare the effectiveness of some novel methods employed to improve edible film properties. These include dispersion of orange oil (1% & 2% v/v) and/or curcumin into guar gum (GG), glycerol and...
The effects of microbial lignocellulose pretreatments on xylooligosaccharide production
Uckun, E.; Ak, O.; Bakir, U. (Elsevier BV, 2009-09-01)
Lignocellulosic agricultural waste materials are produced in huge amounts in the world and regarded as abundant, inexpensive readily available natural sources for various industries. They are mainly composed of three types of macromolecules, cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Cellulose and hemicellulose are converted to a variety of valuable compounds such as enzymes, hormones, antibiotics, ethanol, sugar alcohols, organic acids and xylooligosaccharides (XOs) using bioprocessing methods easily after the r...
Bioproduction, structure elucidation and in vitro antiproliferative effect of eumelanin pigment from Streptomyces parvus BSB49
Bayram, Sinan; Dengiz, Çağatay; GERÇEK, Yusuf Can; ÇETİN, İdil; TOPÇUL, Mehmet Rıfkı (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-01)
In this study, the structure of the purified extracellular eumelanin pigment isolated from Streptomyces spp. was elucidated by detailed analysis via two different spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR and NMR). In vitro antiproliferative effects of eumelanin were evaluated on HeLa cell line. These experiments were carried out with the evaluation of the parameters including cell viability, cell index, and mitotic index. With the cell viability and cell index, IC50 concentration of eumelanin was determined as 10 μM...
Citation Formats
Ö. Persil Çetinkol et al., “Structural and Chemical Characterization of Hardwood from Tree Species with Applications as Bioenergy Feedstocks,” PLOS ONE, pp. 0–0, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: