The Importance of Preschoolers’ Experience in Kindergarten Design

Şahin, B. Ece
Türkün Dostoğlu, Neslihan
A number of studies have revealed that experiences gained during preschool years have a great impact on the subsequent accomplishments of an individual, and that kindergartens have a major influence on child development since these are places where children spend most of their preschool time. Early childhood education has a special importance among all other education processes because development is shaped at a large extent during the 0-6 year period of children. During the first three years, care for children is given at various establishments, such as kindergartens and day care centers, but especially at home, and various programmes are carried out to support early childhood development. Preschool education is based on programmes delivered at playschools or preschools for children aged 3 to 6, in order to give children a better start in life. In Turkey, preschool education is delivered generally by official and private independent playschools (for children 36-72 months of age) or in playschools that are established within schools (for children 60-72 months of age). The process of preschool education contributes with short and long term influences on children and society since early childhood development is viewed as a key to social development. The quality of the physical and social environment affects child development in this education process. In order to improve the conditions of the physical environment, designers can try to reach best design solutions, by getting children's ideas about their educational environment. In a study conducted at a kindergarten in Bursa, it was assumed that the ideas of preschool students about the physical environment in kindergartens can help designers to gain knowledge about children's requirements and this may spearhead new designs and inventions for supporting healthy child development (1). The questions that the children were asked in the study aimed to learn children's evaluations and expectations about their settings. The most important result reached in the study was the observation of the ability of 5 year-old (between 48-60 months of age) and 6 year-old (between 60-72 months of age) group of children to construct successful verbal statements about their physical environment by referring to their own experience. In short, our research has revealed that designers can obtain important data for the design process by consulting children. It can thus be concluded that understanding children's ideas on the space they use must be a policy for meeting children's needs and improving the conditions in preschool environments.


Perceptions of early childhood teachers towards young gifted children and their education
Tezcan, Feride; Tantekin Erden, Feyza; Department of Early Childhood Education (2012)
The aim of the study is to investigate early childhood teachers’ perceptions towards young gifted children and their self-reported needs for meeting needs of young gifted children. In order to reach this aim, interviews with 15 early childhood teachers were conducted. The interview questions were designed to explore three aspects of teachers’ perceptions on young gifted children: perception on giftedness as a concept, perception on characteristics of young gifted children and perception on gifted education....
An Analysis of the effectiveness of quality indicators in early childhood education on subsequent science competency on a cross-country and Turkish case basis
Kaya, Elif; Olgan, Refika; Department of Early Childhood Education (2014)
The main aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of early childhood education on children’s subsequent science competency in PISA assessment. In doing so, the influence of country-level and student-level factors on children’s later competency on the PISA science literacy were also examined. Country-level indicators were determined following variables from past records: public and private expenditure in pre-primary education, pupil-teacher ratio, enrolment rate in pre-primary, duration in pre-...
Examining humor in early childhood period from teacher and child aspects
Yılmaz, Betül; Tantekin Erden, Feyza; Department of Early Childhood Education (2019)
The purpose of the study was to examine humor in early childhood education in terms of children and early childhood teachers. The study sample comprised 22 five-year-old children and 5 early childhood teachers from a public preschool in Tokat. A qualitative phenomenological research method was used. As instruments, a humorous visual and five semi- structured questions, addition semi- structured questions that lead children to make a humorous drawing and to explain it were prepared. A questionnaire comprised...
Observation as an assessment tool in early childhood education: a phenomenological case study of teacher views and practices
Turupcu, Aysun; Tantekin Erden, Feyza; Department of Early Childhood Education (2014)
The aim of this study is to determine the early childhood teachers’ views about observation as one of the informal assessment methods in young children’s education. The study was conducted with six early childhood teachers who worked at a private kindergarten in Ankara. In this study, phenomenological case study was used. In order to examine the views of early childhood teachers on observation, most appropriate data source in qualitative study, one-to-one interview was conducted with participants. Additiona...
A qualitative study on the perceptions of early childhood teachers towards physical design for classroom management
Şahin, İkbal Tuba; Erden, Feyza; Department of Early Childhood Education (2009)
The aim of this study is to examine the perceptions of early childhood teachers in relation to the influence of the physical environment of the classroom on classroom management. More specifically, the present study examined teachers’ perceptions about the factors which influence their classroom management practices, how the physical environment of the classroom influences their instructional processes and teacher-student interactions. To collect the data for the study, a semi-structured interview schedule ...
Citation Formats
B. E. Şahin and N. Türkün Dostoğlu, “The Importance of Preschoolers’ Experience in Kindergarten Design,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 301–320, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: