Distress reactions and earthquake-related cognitions of parents and their adolescent children in a victimized population

This study investigated distress reactions and earthquake related cognitions of adolescents and their parents sixteen months after the 1992 Erzincan, Turkey earthquake. One parent and one adolescent child in each of 44 households responded to a questionnaire, including a shortened and revised version of SCL-90 (Derogatis & Cleary 1977). Results indicated a high degree of similarity between parents and children in cognitions about potential earthquakes and initial affective responses to the 1992 earthquake. The majority of parents, but only a minority of children, expressed continued distress due to the disaster event. Worry about future quakes, phobic, somatic, depressive, and irritable/hostile reactions, and perceived lack of control were higher among parents than children. The data suggested that parental somatization is related to child distress. The implications of the results for disaster management strategies and future research are discussed.


GIS-based structural performance Assessment of Sakarya City after 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey earthquake from geotechnical and earthquake engineering point of view
Yılmaz, Zeynep; Çetin, Kemal Önder; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
The August 17, 1999 Kocaeli-Turkey Earthquake (Mw=7.4) caused severe damage to the structures and lifelines in the Marmara region. Soil liquefaction was identified as one of the major causes of this damage. The aim of this study is to determine geotechnical and earthquake engineering factors that contribute to the structural damage observed in Sakarya city after 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake. For this purpose, the results of an extensive field investigation program compiled by General Directorate of Disaster Affa...
Demographic and psychosocial features and their effects on the survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
Ecevit, Mehmet Cihan (2002-01-01)
A survey was conducted of 500 survivors of the 1999 earthquake in Turkey to investigate their levels of alienation and forms of preparedness for future disasters. It was found that the level of alienation in general is not very significant and that level of education is the most important influential independent variable, The only alienation component found to have a negative impact on the responsible behavior related to preparedness for earthquakes was the social isolation variable. As level of education i...
An analysis of Değirmendere shore landslide during 17 August 1999 Kocaeli earthquake
Bülbül, Oğuzhan; Özkan, M. Yener; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
In this study, the failure mechanism of the shore landslide which occured at Degirmendere coast region during 17 August 1999 Kocaeli (Izmit) - Turkey earthquake is analyzed. Geotechnical studies of the region are at hand, which reveal soil properties and geological formation of the region as well as the topography of the shore basin after deformations. The failure is analyzed as a landslide and permanent displacements are calculated by Newmark Method under 17 August 1999 Izmit record, scaled to a maximum ac...
Structural and Non-Structural Countermeasures and Awareness Studies After the Tsunami Disaster: Case of Japan
GÜLER, HASAN GÖKHAN; Ozer Sozdinler, Ceren; Arikawa, Taro; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet (2018-09-01)
Tsunami generated by the earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0 on March, 11, 2011 caused a high number of casualties and significant economic loss. Planning and reconstruction studies following the 2011 Tsunami in Japan are important examples of countermeasures to be taken against tsunamis In this study, observations from two field surveys conducted after five years following the tsunami event, focusing on structural and non-structural countermeasures in addition to disaster management and creation of disaster...
Personal resources, coping self-efficacy, and quake exposure as predictors of psychological distress following the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
SÜMER, NEBİ; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Gunes, H (2005-08-01)
This study examined the predictive power of personal resources (i.e., self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control), severity of earthquake experience (i.e., material and human loss and perceived threat), and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on general distress, intrusion, and avoidance symptoms among the survivors of the 1999 Marmara earthquake in Turkey. Specifically, we expected that CSE would mediate the links between personal resources, severity of earthquake experience, and distress. Survivors (N = 336) fil...
Citation Formats
A. Rustemli and A. N. Karancı, “Distress reactions and earthquake-related cognitions of parents and their adolescent children in a victimized population,” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, pp. 767–780, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/54531.