Wearing class: A study on clothes, bodies and emotions in Turkey

Hazir, Irmak Karademir
This article examines how cultural capital shapes the ways Turkish women, both religiously covered and not covered, experience their presented self' in social interactions. The analysis draws on 44 in-depth interviews conducted as part of a larger project on embodiment of class in Turkey, using the parts where the interviewees reflect on the repercussions of different clothing and adornment tastes. It approaches clothing as an embodied practice and uses the conceptual tools Bourdieu offers to analyse the link between women's appearance-driven experiences and wider class-cultural processes. Consistent with its theoretical framework, it examines the experiencing of tastes by analysing women's emotions. The analysis demonstrates that, regardless of the volumes of capital they hold, the majority of the sample presume that the dressed body' does have value and enhances or limits opportunities, suggesting the relevance of the term capital' to refer to such embodied competence, as Bourdieu did. Moreover, some of the emotional responses are found to be more common among culturally cultivated interviewees of both Islamic-leaning and secular fractions while others only appear among those having limited access to cultural and economic resources. Interview excerpts show that the aesthetic categorisations made by the culturally advantaged, regardless of their religious orientation, are internalised by those who suffer from such hierarchies most, highlighting the role of class culture-driven symbolic violence in maintaining inequalities. The material is then contextualised within the class dynamics in Turkey, where self-fashioning has remained a value-laden domain since the beginning of the country's top-to-bottom modernisation. Focusing on how tastes are lived in the everyday, this article reveals the subtle processes that manifest and reproduce class privileges and calls for an emphasis on the repercussions of embodying particular tastes, which could enhance our understanding of taste, power and cultural exclusion more directly than interrogations of the correlations between taste and class position.


Women and ideology: Representations of women in religious and secular Turkish media
Hortacsu, N; Erturk, EM (Wiley, 2003-10-01)
The present research examined representations of women in Turkish religious and secular daily newspapers. Based on social identity theory, it was predicted that religious and secular newspapers would differ with respect to evaluative references to mother/homemaker, career woman, and vamp subtypes. Secular and religious newspapers were examined every other day for a month. Analyses reveal that secular newspapers included higher proportions of positive references to the career woman and vamp subtypes than did...
The parenting practice of single mothers in Turkey: Challenges and strategies
Kavas, Serap; Hoşgör, Hatice Ayşe (Elsevier BV, 2013-09-01)
Drawing on 24 interviews with single mothers in Turkey, this qualitative study examines various cultural and structural factors facing single mothers in a patriarchal society. It identifies strategies single mothers devise to handle the hardship of bringing up a child alone and stand up for themselves as single parents. Results demonstrate that single mothers in this study face numerous challenges, including the difficulty to maintain authority in their new family setting; the struggle to keep the sense of ...
Psychological distress among international students in Turkey
Cetinkaya-Yildiz, Evrim; ÇAKIR, SAKİNE GÜLFEM; Kondakçı, Yaşar (Elsevier BV, 2011-09-01)
This study examined predictors of psychological distress in a sample of 334 international students studying at different public universities in Turkey. The standard multiple regression analysis was used to clarify the contributions of individual characteristics, interaction with Turkish students, perceived discrimination. Turkish language proficiency, perceived cultural distance, integration to social life in Turkey, and life satisfaction to psychological distress of international students. The results reve...
Innovation and adaptation in a Turkish sample: A preliminary study
Öner Özkan, Bengi (Informa UK Limited, 2000-11-01)
The aim of this study was to examine the representations of adaptation and innovation among adults in Turkey. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with a sample of 20 Turkish adults (10 men, 10 women) from various occupations. The participants' ages ranged from 21 to 58 years. Results of content analysis Showed that the representation of innovation varied with the type of context. Innovation was nor preferred within the family and interpersonal relationship contexts, whereas it was relatively more re...
Challenging Geographical Disadvantages and Social Exclusion: A Case Study of Gendered Rural Transformation in Mountain Villages in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey
Him, Miki Suzuki; Hoşgör, Hatice Ayşe (Wiley, 2019-07-01)
This article discusses the gender-specific effect of the changing economic structure of mountain villages in Turkey. Rural women, who are conventionally unpaid family workers, have begun entering into off-farm work due to declining household incomes in recent years. The implications of this for gender relations are found to be contradictory in much recent research. In this study, we employed the concepts of the hybridity of rural communities and the multiplicity of social exclusion in a globalising countrys...
Citation Formats
I. K. Hazir, “Wearing class: A study on clothes, bodies and emotions in Turkey,” JOURNAL OF CONSUMER CULTURE, pp. 413–432, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/63854.