Hobbes and Modern Political Thought

Reveals the Hobbesian origins of contemporary political concerns, especially the relationships between state, individual and lawYves Charles Zarka shows you how Hobbes established the framework for modern political thought. Discover the origin of liberalism in the Hobbesian theory of negative liberty; that Hobbesian interest and contract are essential to contemporary discussions of the comportment of economic actors; and how state sovereignty returns anew in the form of the servility of the state.At the same time, Zarka controversially argues against received readings claiming that Hobbes is a thinker of a state monopoly on legitimate violence.


Thomas Hobbes and Carl Schmitt on the tension between sovereign and law
Ünlü, Özlem; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2018)
This thesis aims at developing an understanding of the vital role that the political decision plays in the tension between sovereign and law through an examination of the constitutional theories of Thomas Hobbes and Carl Schmitt. In Schmitt’s classic work Dictatorship of 1921, the sovereign decision derives its legitimacy from its norm-preserving power, whereas in Political Theology appeared in 1922, it legitimizes itself on basis of the norm-giving power. In The Concept of the Political, the decision on wh...
The value of sociability in Rousseau, Hegel, and Nietzsche
Karatekeli, Emre; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2021-5)
This thesis investigates the political philosophies of Rousseau, Hegel, and Nietzsche, as regards the relation between sociability and freedom. Firstly, I argue that Rousseau’s fundamental view undergoes a drastic shift in that while in the Second Discourse he regards the human being as essentially individualistic, in the Social Contract he dismisses egoism and argues for the establishment of sociability in the name of general will to materialise human freedom. Secondly, I discuss how Hegel proves the neces...
The question of freedom in political philosophies of thomas hobbes and jean-jacques rousseau
Yiğit, Pervin; Turan, ŞHalil; Department of Philosophy (2007)
This thesis aims to examine the question of freedom in its relation to political authority in social contract theories of Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, discussions on human nature, evolution into political association and the foundations of legitimate governments are focused on. As the social contract theories of Hobbes and Rousseau mainly seek for rational justification of political obligation, the primary aim of this thesis is to analyze the nature o...
Kafka s Turbulent Society in the Trial A Durkheimean Investigation
Topal, Çağatay; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut (null; 2011-09-12)
This' paper' attempts' to' co)read' two' important' figures' from'the'turbulent'times'of'Europe'during'the'late'nineteenth'and' the' early' twentieth' century:' Durkheim' (1858)1917)' and' Kafka' (1883)1924).' Both' experienced' the' World' War' I' and' its' conse) quences' during' their' last' years.' Both' were' Jewish' suffering' from' the' implications' of' their'minority' backgrounds.' Both' were' subject' to'alienating,'anomic,'and'bizarre'conditions'and'reflected'these'in' their'works.'And' both'were...
Neither a mother nor an other: nature’s literary emancipation in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies and Louise Erdrich’s Tracks
Özcan, Rabia Elif; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of English Literature (2022-6)
Deriving from the comparative analyses of William Golding’s Lord of The Flies (1954) and Louise Erdrich’s Tracks (1988), this thesis discusses how ecocriticism and ecofeminism may, in particular cases, pose a discriminatory anthropocentric perspective despite bearing an eco-centered principle. Nature is mostly susceptible to being both otherized or/and motherized in these texts, that are constructed around an anthropocentric view. The novels represent the dialogue between human beings and nature through sur...
Citation Formats
J. E. C. Grıffıth, Hobbes and Modern Political Thought. 2016.