Early Childhood Education and Care in India: Non-formal Early Childhood Education Services in Anganwadi Centers

Demirtaş İlhan, Seden
Erden, Feyza
Yalçın, Fatma
CDS programs has positive effects on health and educational conditions of children. However, non-formal preschool education service which providing in the Anganwadis cannot be reach at expected level. Although non-formal preschool education provides improvements in academic achievement, cognitive development and school readiness of the children, education given in preschools has more positive effects on children in same age group. Also there are inequalities in physical and educational conditions of preschools and Anganwadi centers. On the other hand, health, nutrition, monitoring and immunization services provided under the ICDS scheme better positive effects on both beneficiary children and women. Higher birth weight, nutritional and health status and lower IMR are the indicators of positive impacts of ICDS on beneficiaries. Different form other child development and education services, the ICDS programs includes both children and mothers in antenatal and postnatal process. Also the program considers health conditions of both children and mothers. Management of the services are provided in a hierarchical order and this order provide discipline and discipline for each workers. Moreover, training of the workers was considered and it is aimed to provide same quality and conditions in each Anganwadi center. Simple and basic structure of the AWCs enable the ICDS to become widespread easily and increase the number of beneficiaries but high workloads of AWWs and low physical conditions of AWCs decrease the quality and effectiveness level of the services. So, we can say that ICDS program has an effective structure but the quality of services need to be increased. So, when we consider the direct proportion between quality and economic conditions, the programs may be more effective when adopted in more developed countries. For example, in Turkey the ICDS program can be applied in rural parts of the country with disadvantaged groups when the necessary cultural adaptations were applied
Citation Formats
S. Demirtaş İlhan, F. Erden, and F. Yalçın, “Early Childhood Education and Care in India: Non-formal Early Childhood Education Services in Anganwadi Centers,” presented at the European Conference on Educational Research, , (3 - 07 Eylül 2018,), Bolzano, İtalya, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://eera-ecer.de/ecer-programmes/conference/23/contribution/45066/.