From science to policy A road map for a sustainable resource management in Turkey's marine EEZs

2016-02-15
Gazihan Akoğlu, Ayşe
Salihoğlu, Barış
Akoğlu, Ekin
Oguz, Temel
This study provides a scientific base for Ecosystem Based Fisheries Management (EBFM) decisions for Turkey’s exclusive economic zones in the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. For this aim, an interdisciplinary holistic approach is employed to explore the linkages and feedbacks between changing national societal and economic needs, managerial decisions, environmental pressures and the health of regional marine ecosystems through derived socioeconomic and ecological indicators from statistical and field data as well as Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) model results. Results quantified the level of human induced pressures driven by increasing societal and economic demands due to human population increase, national economic crises and corresponded governmental subsidies. Cumulative effects of these pressures together with changing climatic conditions deteriorated the marine resources and, as a consequence, limited the socio-economic services provided by ecosystems (e.g. nation-wide decreases in weight (-47%) and value (-37%) of landings, economic profitability (-61%) and per capita fish consumption (-29%) over the last decade). Even though the pressures increased correspondingly in all the marine regions, their consequences in the regional marine ecosystems realized differently. Observed trends in socioeconomic and ecologic indicators and past and future model scenario simulations done by Ecopath with Ecosim (EwE) model provided region-specific optimum EBFM options. Research results were synthesized specific to each responsible stakeholder groups and communicated by means of regional stakeholder meetings, project web-side, social and national media and scientific platforms. Present study is expected to increase the stakeholders’ awareness for sustainable, responsible resource co-management and will be integrated into decision-making processes and serve as a model case study.

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Citation Formats
A. Gazihan Akoğlu, B. Salihoğlu, E. Akoğlu, and T. Oguz, “From science to policy A road map for a sustainable resource management in Turkey’s marine EEZs,” presented at the Ocean Sciences Meeting 2016, 21-26 February, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/86796.