Pilot study for the development of a scale assessing pre-service teachers’ attitudes toward technology use in early childhood

2018-05-01
In this study, the aim was to report a pilot study conducted for the development and validation of attitude scale towards technology use in early childhood education. Technology Use in Early Childhood Education Attitude Scale (TUECEAS) was constructed by following scale development guidelines provided by DeVellis (2012). After a detailed literature review, an item pool of 34 items was generated related to technology use in early childhood education. This pool was reviewed by experts in the field of early childhood education and measurement and evaluation. Twenty-one items were selected for the first version of TUECEAS. All items were on a five-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree). Participants of the pilot study were 103 preservice early childhood teachers. Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted using SPSS. After deleting four items due to cross-loading, four factors appeared in EFA explaining 67.87% of the variance. Considering the content of the items in each factor, they were named as benefits to teacher’s task, benefits to intellectual development of preschoolers, benefits to physical development of preschoolers, and personal enjoyment. The reliability coefficients were ranging from .75 to .91. Further data collection is needed to perform confirmatory factor analysis to finalize the scale development process. Moreover, future validation studies should also explore the relationship between factors of TUECEAS and other variables.
Citation Formats
Y. Tunga and Y. Çapa Aydın, “Pilot study for the development of a scale assessing pre-service teachers’ attitudes toward technology use in early childhood,” 2018, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/87457.