The role of text and item characteristics in predicting reading comprehension difficulty A study on low stakes exams

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of text features and item characteristics on reading comprehension difficulty. To explore the impact of text features on readability and the agreement between human raters’ and SourceRater3’ rankings of readability, four different texts were ranked by 6 human raters and SourceRater3. The results indicated that human raters and SourceRater3 did not agree on their rankings of readability and prioritized different variables as indicators of text difficulty. To examine the effects of item characteristics, an item analysis of the midterm and the final exams was conducted by analysing data from 213 students from 9 different sections at Middle East Technical University (METU). The data analysis revealed that item characteristics accounted for a significant amount of explained variance. The study has implications for test writers and further research in testing.


The role of lexical cohesion in L2 reading comprehension
Bayraktar, Hasan; Enginarlar, Hüsnü; Department of Foreign Language Education (2011)
This study aimed at discovering the role of lexical cohesive links in L2 reading comprehension. For this purpose, the researcher carried out lexical cohesion analysis of two TOEFL reading tests consisting of six texts. First, prior to the reading comprehension tests, the students were administered “a vocabulary familiarity task”. Second, the TOEFL reading tests were administered to fifty upper-intermediate and advanced level EFL students at Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. Third, after each...
The effects of rhythm training on tennis performance
Söğüt, Mustafa; Kirazcı, Sadettin; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2009)
The purpose of the study were; to compare the effects of tennis specific and general rhythm training on the forehand consistency performance, rhythmic competence, tennis playing level and agility performance, and to examine the effects of different tempos on rhythmic competence of tennis players. 30 university students whose mean score of International Tennis Number (ITN) was 7.3 (SD=0.9) were divided randomly into three sub-groups: tennis group (TG), general rhythm training group (GRTG), and tennis-specifi...
A communicative competence perspective on difficulties l2 reading
Bayraktar, Hasan; Bear, Joshua; Department of English Language Teaching (2005)
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the reading difficulties (problems) of Freshman EFL students attending the Department of Foreign Language Education at Middle East Technical University. The study attempted to integrate notions of strategic, linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competence into the construct of reading: a first approximation at integrating and applying a model of reading ability to a model of communicative language ability. To examine the reading difficulties and fa...
Baturay, Meltem Huri; TOKMAK, HATİCE SANCAR; DOĞUSOY, BERRİN; Daloğlu, Ayşegül (2011-01-01)
In this study, the effects of narrative, descriptive and prediction-personal reaction task types with visuals on the oral performance of intermediate level English language learners were compared. The study was carried out at Gazi University Preparatory School, Research and Application Center for the Instruction of Foreign Languages with the participation of eighty five students. The students' oral exam marks based on the assessment of narrative, descriptive and prediction-personal reaction task types for e...
The determination of motivational factors of sport gambling university students and their personality and psychological differences from non-gamblers
Karlı, Ünal; Koçak, Mehmet Settar; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2008)
The purpose of this study was three-fold; to determine the personality and financial risk-taking attitude differences between sports gambling students and non-gambling students, to specify gambling motivations of the sport gambling students and to identify the relationship among personality traits, financial risk-taking attitude and gambling motivations of the students who gamble on sport events. The subject group of this research was composed of 1109 Middle East Technical University students who were parti...
Citation Formats
Y. Akel and H. H. Kızılcık, “The role of text and item characteristics in predicting reading comprehension difficulty A study on low stakes exams,” presented at the EALTA SIG Conference, 23 May 2013, Istanbul, Turkey, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: