Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia

Kilinc, Gulsah Merve
Kashuba, Natalija
Koptekin, Dilek
Bergfeldt, Nora
Donertas, Handan Melike
Rodriguez-Varela, Ricardo
Shergin, Dmitrij
Ivanov, Grigorij
Kichigin, Dmitrii
Pestereva, Kjunnej
Volkov, Denis
Mandryka, Pavel
Kharinskii, Artur
Tishkin, Alexey
Ineshin, Evgenij
Kovychev, Evgeniy
Stepanov, Aleksandr
Dalen, Love
Gunther, Torsten
Kirdok, Emrah
Jakobsson, Mattias
Somel, Mehmet
Krzewinska, Maja
Stora, Jan
Gotherstrom, Anders
We present genome-wide data from 40 individuals dating to c.16,900 to 550 years ago in northeast Asia. We describe hitherto unknown gene flow and admixture events in the region, revealing a complex population history. While populations east of Lake Baikal remained relatively stable from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age, those from Yakutia and west of Lake Baikal witnessed major population transformations, from the Late Upper Paleolithic to the Neolithic, and during the Bronze Age, respectively. We further locate the Asian ancestors of Paleo-Inuits, using direct genetic evidence. Last, we report the most northeastern ancient occurrence of the plague-related bacterium, Yersinia pestis. Our findings indicate the highly connected and dynamic nature of northeast Asia populations throughout the Holocene.
Citation Formats
G. M. Kilinc et al., “Human population dynamics and Yersinia pestis in ancient northeast Asia,” pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: