Effect of hydrogen jets in supersonic mixing using strut injection schemes

Jeyakumar, S.
Kandasamy, Jayaraman
Karaca, Mehmet
Karthik, K.
Sivakumar, R.
The prevalence of complex phenomena associated with the fuel mixing of a supersonic stream in scramjet combustor is inherently occurred due to the short residence time. An efficient injection mechanism is required to enhance the mixing and improve combustion efficiency. This numerical simulation study aims to reveal the performance of modified strut injection strategies within a Mach 2.0 flow field. Two-dimensional steady and transient Navier-Stokes computations of the DLR scramjet experiment is performed for various strut injection locations. The Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes equation with the SST k-ε turbulence model is utilized to solve the flow field under steady conditions. The critical parameters examined to investigate steady solutions are wall static pressure, flow Mach number, and total pressure loss across the combustor. The dual injection configuration in the flow considerably reduces the shock waves impact at the downstream of the strut and preserves the magnitude of internal forces acting on combustor walls and total pressure loss. Unsteady Detached Eddy Simulation (DES) results for hydrogen concentration and velocity field are analyzed by applying Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD). Multiple injections are observed to alter the frequency and the number of dominant modes.
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy


Effect of oxygen flow rate on the low temperature deposition of titanium monoxide thin films via electron beam evaporation
Cosar, Mustafa Burak; Icli, Kerem Cagatay; Ozenbas, Macit (American Vacuum Society, 2019-05-01)
In this study, titanium monoxide thin films were evaporated by an electron beam source under different oxygen atmospheres at deposition temperatures not exceeding 80 degrees C. Deposition of thin films at low temperatures is a prerequisite for heat sensitive substrates. XRD results showed that crystallinity of titanium monoxide is achieved without the requirement of high temperature annealing. When oxygen is introduced into the coating chamber, a titanium peak is formed at exactly the Ti+2 position together...
Effects of inflow boundary layer on the wake of a radially non-uniform porous disk
Abdulrahim, Anas; Akpolat, M. Tuğrul; Hassanein, Abdelrahman; Perçin, Mustafa; Uzol, Oğuz (2021-05-01)
This study presents the results of an experimental investigation focusing on the effects of the inflow boundary layer on the wake characteristics of a 0.12 m diameter porous disk with radially non-uniform porosity in terms of mean flow, turbulence, and wake scaling. Two-dimensional two-component particle image velocimetry measurements within the wake are performed up to 7.5 diameters downstream as the disk is lowered deeper into a boundary layer that is representative of a neutral atmospheric boundary layer...
Effect of boron implantation on the electrical and photoelectrical properties of e-beam deposited Ag-In-Se thin films
ÇOLAKOĞLU, TAHİR; Parlak, Mehmet; KULAKCI, MUSTAFA; Turan, Raşit (2008-06-07)
In this study, e-beam evaporated Ag-In-Se (AIS) thin films were doped by the implantation of boron (B) ions at 75 keV with a dose of 1 x 10(15) ions cm(-2) and a subsequent annealing process was applied to the doped AIS films at different temperatures under nitrogen atmosphere. The effects of implantation and annealing on the electrical and photoelectrical properties of AIS thin films were investigated through temperature dependent conductivity, spectral photoresponse and photoconductivity measurements unde...
Effects of heat input on metallurgical behavior in HAZ of multi-pass and multi-layer welded IN-939 superalloy
Mashhuriazar, Amirhossein; Gür, Cemil Hakan; Sajuri, Zainuddin; Omidvar, Hamid (2021-11-01)
The hot components of a gas turbine are susceptible to damage in the high-temperature environment of turbine engine operation. Given that these components are relatively costly to manufacture, they are often repaired than replaced when damaged. Fusion welding is an economical method for repairing the damaged components of a gas turbine. This research examines the roles of heat input, pass number and layer number on the intergranular liquation cracking of the Inconel-939 (IN-939) precipitate nickel base supe...
Effect of anisotropy on performance of M-ary phase shift keying subcarrier intensity-modulated optical wireless communication links operating in strong oceanic turbulence
Gokce, Muhsin Caner; Baykal, Yahya; Ata, Yalcn (IOP Publishing, 2020-05-01)
In strong oceanic turbulence, the performance of M-ary phase shift keying subcarrier intensity-modulated optical wireless communication (OWC) links is investigated in terms of the bit-error-rate (BER) by considering the effect of anisotropy of the oceanic channel. To calculate the BER of the OWC link, a gamma-gamma statistical channel model is adopted. The extended Huygens-Fresnel principle and the asymptotic Rytov theory are used to obtain the received optical power and the large-scale and small-scale log-...
Citation Formats
S. Jeyakumar, J. Kandasamy, M. Karaca, K. Karthik, and R. Sivakumar, “Effect of hydrogen jets in supersonic mixing using strut injection schemes,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, pp. 23013–23025, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85106349687&origin=inward.