Taxonomy of sustainable, responsive and adaptive Façades

Deljavan, Nastaran
Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira
Sustainable facades can be classified from many points of views. One may look at them according to their bioclimatic, energetic or technological properties; which in turn may change according to the geographic location or climatic zones, in which the building is to be constructed. Facades of high performance buildings may incorporate active or passive systems; and bioclimatic features having single, double or multiple skins. They may be completely or partially static or kinetic; stationary or dynamic; rotating, sliding or folding; with fixed or movable shading. The façade structure may be made of concrete, timber or metal with glazing, shutters, screens or trellises. The glazing may be clear, tinted or photo chromic; or it may be filled with a gas or a phase change material. In other words there are many different approaches to façade design for sustainability. This paper shall present the taxonomy of façade systems based on a survey of more than fifty buildings from around the world, which claim to be sustainable, low-energy, bioclimatic or green. Such a classification will be helpful in matching the objectives of façade design with appropriate design alternatives to achieve them.
33rd International on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Conference: Design to Thrive, PLEA 2017


Exploring and communicating user diversity to inform the design of products promoting sustainable behaviors
Coşkun, Aykut; Erbuğ, Çiğdem; Department of Industrial Design (2015)
Promoting sustainable behavior through design has become an important and a relevant research area for the design community. As very few designers really know and very few design schools teach how to do this, any research in this field would provide guidance. Aimed at such guidance, this thesis proposes a method for exploring and communicating the diversity in users’ orientations towards sustainable behaviors, an important but ignored topic for behavior change and sustainability. This method involves determ...
Interventions for Ensuring Thermal Comfort Equality in Apartment Buildings
Dikmen, Nese; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira; SÜMER HAYDARASLAN, Kübra (2017-01-01)
Energy reduction is one of the goals of sustainability. Thermal comfort and sustainability refers to smart dealing with natural resources to be acceptable for people. In order to provide thermal comfort to occupants, it is necessary to prevent excessive thermal transfers from the building's envelope. To this end thermal insulation is provided and windows with low U values are installed in buildings. However, the orientation of living spaces in a building determines the amount of solar gains from the facades...
A BIM-based building circularity framework: assessment and visualization through 5R strategies
Yüksel, Pınar Ece; Atasoy Özcan, Güzide; Department of Civil Engineering (2023-1-26)
Principles of the circular economy are applied to improve resource efficiency and reduce environmental impact. The purpose of this thesis is to create a BIM-based framework for building circularity assessment (BCA) that enables an analysis of R strategies such as Reusing, Recycling and Rethinking with graphically aided data representation and supports decision-making starting from the early stages to end of life. To learn more about building circularity indicators and assessment approaches, a literature rev...
Bibliometric literature analysis of a multi-dimensional sustainable development issue: Energy poverty
Ulucak, recep; Sarı, Ramazan; Erdogan, Seyfettin; Castanho, Rui Alexandre (2021-09-01)
Energy plays a critical role in building a sustainable future—economically, socially, and environmentally. Energy poverty holds a similarly prominent position and covers certain economic, social and environmental issues that are underlined by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. Due to its multidimensional role in plans for achieving sustainable development, there is a growing body of literature focusing on various aspects of energy poverty. This study conducts a bibliometric analysis of this ...
New Perspective on more Sustainable and Affordable Housing for Lower Income Group in Turkey - Assessing Life Cycle Cost
Emekçi, Şeyda; Tanyer, Ali Murat (2016-11-18)
A building must be sustainable in order to make as little impact as possible on the natural environments and use energy, water, land and other resources efficiently. However, the concept of sustainability makes sense when applied by all segments of society. No matter how sustainable, a building never achieves environmental protection completely, while another build-ing next to its harms the environment. To ensure environmental protection completely, especially the low-income group must be included in this s...
Citation Formats
N. Deljavan and S. T. Elias Özkan, “Taxonomy of sustainable, responsive and adaptive Façades,” Edinburgh, İngiltere, 2017, vol. 3, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: