Aligning the free-energy principle with Peirce's logic of science and economy of research

The paper proposes a way to naturalise Charles S. Peirce's conception of the scientific method, which he specified in terms of abduction, deduction and induction. The focus is on the central issue of the economy of research in abduction and self-correction by error reduction in induction. We show how Peirce's logic of science receives support from modern breakthroughs in computational neuroscience, and more specifically from Karl Friston's statements of active inference and the Free Energy Principle, namely the account of how organisms' capacity to decrease the discrepancy between the expected value and actual outcomes entails the minimisation of errors in their hypotheses about the world. A scientific account of organisms' capacity to choose policies and form expectations is aligned with Peirce's theories of abduction and induction, and especially with the economy of research. The upshot is the recovery of Peirce's theory of the logic of science in the context of active inquiry.


Two approaches for collective learning with language games
Gülçehre, Çağlar; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2011)
This thesis presents a defense of the view that externalism cannot be a theoretical basis of a mentalistic causal-explanatory science, even though such a theoretical basis is implicitly or explicitly adopted by many cognitive scientists. Externalism is a theory in philosophy of mind which states that mental properties are relations between the core realizers of an individual’s mental states (such as brain states) and certain things that exist outside those realizers (such as what the content of a mental sta...
New directions in the direction of time
Bağcı, Gökhan Barış; Grünberg, Teo; Department of Philosophy (2006)
This thesis analyzes the direction of time problem in the framework of philosophy of science. The radiation arrow, Newtonian arrow, thermodynamic arrow and quantum mechanical arrow have been studied in detail. The importance of the structure of space-time concerning direction of time is emphasized.
Shape-invariance approach and Hamiltonian hierarchy method on the Woods-Saxon potential for l not equal 0 states
Berkdemir, Cueneyt; BERKDEMİR, Ayşe; Sever, Ramazan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-03-01)
An analytically solvable Woods-Saxon potential for l not equal 0 states is presented within the framework of Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics formalism. The shape-invariance approach and Hamiltonian hierarchy method are included in calculations by means of a translation of parameters. The approximate energy spectrum of this potential is obtained for l not equal 0 states, applying the Woods-Saxon square approximation to the centrifugal barrier term of the Schrodinger equation.
Quantum aspects of the noncommutative Sine-Gordon model
Kürkcüoğlu, Seçkin (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-09-01)
In this paper, we first use semi-classical methods to study quantum field theoretical aspects of the integrable noncommutative sine-Gordon model proposed in [hep-th/0406065]. In particular, we examine the fluctuations at quadratic order around the static kink solution using the background field method. We derive equations of motion for the fluctuations and argue that at O(θ2) the spectrum of fluctuations remains essentially the same as that of the corresponding commutative theory. We compute the one-loop tw...
GULEN, D; BASKAL, S (IOP Publishing, 1993-02-15)
This study investigates the effects of dissipation on the quasi-particle transport in a degenerate molecular trimer in which the time evolution is described by the discrete non-linear Schrodinger equation. The standard procedure of introducing dissipation as a phase-destroying stochastic parameter through the corresponding Liouville-von Neumann equation is employed. A dosed second-order integrodifferential equation describing the time evolution of the site occupation probability difference is derived in the...
Citation Formats
M. Davoody Benı, “Aligning the free-energy principle with Peirce’s logic of science and economy of research,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: